The French Revolution 1789-1799

The French Revolution 1789-1799 - FRENCH FRENCH REVOLUTION,...

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Unformatted text preview: FRENCH FRENCH REVOLUTION, 1789­ 1799 French Revolution: Background French Revolution: Background French Monarchy French Society Warfare Financial Crisis Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette Charles­Alexander de Calonne Tax Reform Nobility Clergy The 3rd estate Social Discontent Enlightenment’s discourse Freedom & Equality Harvest failures Louis XVI Louis XVI Marie Antoinette Marie Antoinette Versailles Versailles “Ancien Regime” French Revolution: First Stages French Revolution: First Stages Parlements The Assembly of Notables, 1787 The Estates­General Tennis Court Oath The National Assembly Economic decline Popular violence Bastille, July 14, 1789 Peasant Insurrections Abolition of Feudalism Tennis Court Oath Tennis Court Oath Estates General/ National Estates General/ National Assembly Storm of Bastille Storm of Bastille Consolidating & Radicalizing the Consolidating & Radicalizing the Revolution Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen, August 26, 1789 Constitution, 1791 Jacobin Club Sans­Culottes (Without Breeches) Politization of Society Varennes Declaration of Pilnitz, August 27, 1791 Liberty, Equality and Fraternity Declaration Declaration of rights Liberty, Liberty, Fraternity, Equality Sans Culottes Sans Culottes Inside of a Jacobin Club Inside of a Jacobin Club Varrenes Varrenes Flight to Varennes Flight to Varennes Radical Phase (1791—1794): Radical Phase (1791—1794): Civil Rights vs. National Security Reactions in Europe Monarchy Deposed French Republic Proclaimed (1792) National Convention Louis XIV executed, January, 1793 Counterrevolution Committee of Public Safety Robespierre The Law of Suspects Terror Vendee , March 1793 Jacobines Universal Manhood suffrage Reforms Foreign invasion Valmy (Prussians and Austrians defeated) Military conscription Peasants rebel against the revolution Battle at Valmy Battle at Valmy Louis XVI Executed Louis XVI Executed Joseph Ignace Guillotin Joseph Ignace Guillotin Vendee, Vendee, March 1793 Revolt in the Vendée Revolt in the Vend the peasants revolted against the Revolutionary government in 1793. They resented the changes imposed on the Roman Catholic Church by the Civil Constitution of the Clergy (1793) and broke into open revolt in defiance of the Revolutionary government's military conscription. A guerrilla war, led by an underground faction known as the Chouans (screech owls) at the outset, known as the Revolt in the Vendée and would cost more than 100,000 lives until it ended in 1796. The suppression of the Catholic Royalists was merciless. At the conclusion of the action at Savenay, the French General François Joseph Westermann wrote to the Committee of Public Safety, "There is no more Vendée. It died with its wives and its children by our free sabers. I have just buried it in the woods and the swamps of Savenay. According to the orders that you gave me, I crushed the children under the feet of the horses, massacred the women who, at least for these, will not give birth to any more brigands. I do not have a prisoner to reproach me. I have all exterminated.” Robespierre Robespierre Terror: "Cest affreux mais nécessaire" (It is Terror: "Cest affreux mais n dreadful but necessary) Reign Reign of Terror French Revolution: Final Stage French Revolution: Final Stage (1794­99) Termidorian Reaction, 1794 Directory Robespierre arrested & beheaded Popular protest Royalist insurrection Coup d’etat, 1799 Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon Napoleon Bonaparte The Age of Napoleon The Age of Napoleon Consolidation of Power First Council Council for Life, 1802 Emperor, 1804 Conquest Napoleonic Code Abolition of Feudalism (Serfdom) Fall of Napoleon Napoleon’s legacy Liberal movement Nationalism Coronation of Napoleon Coronation of Napoleon ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2010 for the course HIST 1020 taught by Professor Gorshkov during the Spring '08 term at Auburn University.

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