Chapter 1: Introduction - Matter and Measurement

Chapter 1: Introduction - Matter and Measurement -...

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1/15/10 Chapter 1 Introduction: Matter and Measurement Chemistry, The Central Science , 11th edition Theodore L. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay, Jr.; and Bruce E. Bursten
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1/15/10 States of Matter
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1/15/10 Matter Atoms are the building blocks of matter. Each element is made of the same kind of atom. A compound is made of two or more different kinds of elements.
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1/15/10 Matter - Pure substance: matter made of one type of particle - Element: one single type of atom - Compound: 2 or more different kinds of atoms - Mixture: matter made of multiple types of particles
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1/15/10 Common Element Symbols Ag Silver* K Potassium* Al Al uminum Kr Kr ypton Ar Ar gon Li Li thium Au Gold* Mg M ag nesium B B oron Mn M an ganese Ba Ba rium Mo Mo lybdenum Be Be ryllium N N itrogen** C C arbon Na Sodium* Ca Ca lcium Ne Ne on Cd C ad mium Ni Ni ckel Cl C hl orine** O O xygen** Co Co balt P P hosphorus Cr C hr omium Pb Lead* Cu Copper* S S ulfur F F luorine** Si Si licon Fe Iron* Sn Tin* H H ydrogen** S S tr ontium He He lium Ti Ti tanium Hg Mercury* Xe Xe non I I odine** Zn Z in c * Different root used for symbol ** Diatomic molecules
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1/15/10 Classification of Matter
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1/15/10 1.In the following list, only _____ is not an example of matter. A) planets B) light C) dust D) elemental phosphorus E) table salt
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1/15/10 2. A combination of sand, salt, and water is an example of a __________. A) homogeneous mixture B) heterogeneous mixture C) compound D) pure substance E) solid
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1/15/10 3. If matter is uniform throughout and cannot be separated into other substances by physical means, it is ________. A) a compound B) either an element or a compound C) a homogeneous mixture D) a heterogeneous mixture E) an element
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1/15/10 Properties and Changes of Matter
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Properties of Matter Physical Properties: Can be observed without changing a substance into another substance. Boiling point, density, mass, volume, etc. Chemical Properties: Can only be observed when a substance is changed into another substance. Flammability, corrosiveness, reactivity with
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2010 for the course CHEM 1030 taught by Professor Meda during the Spring '08 term at Auburn University.

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Chapter 1: Introduction - Matter and Measurement -...

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