Nurs 328 Study Final Prep.docx - Nurs 328 Study Final Prep Unit 1 Chapter 1 \u2013 Intro to nursing research in an EBP environment Research systematic

Nurs 328 Study Final Prep.docx - Nurs 328 Study Final Prep...

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Nurs 328 Study Final Prep Unit 1- Chapter 1 – Intro to nursing research in an EBP environment Research: systematic inquiry that uses structured methods to answer questions and solve problems. Ultimate goal of formal research is to gain knowledge that would be useful for many people Nursing research: is a systematic inquiry designed to develop trustworthy evidence about issues of importance to nurses and their clients Clinical nursing research: research designed to guide nursing practice Evidence-based practice: Use of the best evidence in making patient care decisions- base their practice on evidence from research Systematic reviews: cornerstone of EBP and have assumed increasing importance in all health care disciplines. They integrate a wide scope of research information on a topic to determine if the evidence is weak or strong. Clinical significance: practical importance of research results in terms of whether they have genuine, palpable effects on the daily lives of patients or on the health care decisions made on their behalf Paradigm: is a worldview, a general perspective to explain the world’s complexities. Disciplined inquiry in nursing has been conducted mainly within two broad but very different paradigms. Positivist Paradigm (quantitative) o Positivist thinking is logical, rational and scientific o Reality out there that can be studied and known o Assumption is a principle that is believed to be true without solid proof o Believe nature is ordered and regular and that reality exists independent of human observation aka the world is bit affected by the human mind, the way we think, perceive or experience o The assumption of determinism refers to the positivists belief that phenomena do not happen by chance but they are controlled and produced by antecedent causes o Research activity is aimed at understanding the underlying cause of natural phenomena o Attach great importance to objectivity Constructivist Paradigm: aka naturalistic paradigm (qualitative) -reality is not a fixed entity but rather a construction of people participating in the research; reality exists within contexts, and many constructions are possible. - take the position of relativism : if there are multiple interpretations of reality depending on how different people experience it, then there is nothing called the absolute truth -findings are the product of interaction between the inquirer and the participants -knowledge is maximized when the distance between the inquirer and participants in the study are minimized The scientific and quantitative research: Scientific method: involves using a set of orderly procedures to gather information. Move in a systematic fashion through a series of steps.
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Empirical evidence: evidence that is rooted in objective reality and gathered directly or indirectly through the senses rather than through personal beliefs or hunches.
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