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Nurs 328 Study Final PrepUnit 1- Chapter 1 – Intro to nursing research in an EBP environmentResearch: systematic inquiry that uses structured methods to answer questions and solve problems. Ultimate goal of formal research is to gain knowledge that would be useful for many peopleNursing research: is a systematic inquiry designed to develop trustworthy evidence about issues of importance to nurses and their clientsClinical nursing research: research designed to guide nursing practiceEvidence-based practice: Use of the best evidence in making patient care decisions- base their practice on evidence from researchSystematic reviews: cornerstone of EBP and have assumed increasing importance in all health care disciplines. They integrate a wide scope of research information on a topic to determine if the evidence is weak or strong. Clinical significance: practical importance of research results in terms of whether they have genuine, palpable effects on the daily lives of patients or on the health care decisions made on their behalfParadigm: is a worldview, a general perspective to explain the world’s complexities. Disciplined inquiry in nursing has been conducted mainly within two broad but very different paradigms.Positivist Paradigm (quantitative)oPositivist thinking is logical, rational and scientificoReality out there that can be studied and knownoAssumption is a principle that is believed to be true without solid proofoBelieve nature is ordered and regular and that reality exists independent of humanobservation aka the world is bit affected by the human mind, the way we think, perceive or experienceoThe assumption of determinism refers to the positivists belief that phenomena do not happen by chance but they are controlled and produced by antecedent causesoResearch activity is aimed at understanding the underlying cause of natural phenomenaoAttach great importance to objectivity Constructivist Paradigm: aka naturalistic paradigm (qualitative)-reality is not a fixed entity but rather a construction of people participating in the research; reality exists within contexts, and many constructions are possible.- take the position of relativism: if there are multiple interpretations of reality depending on how different people experience it, then there is nothing called the absolute truth-findings are the product of interaction between the inquirer and the participants-knowledge is maximized when the distance between the inquirer and participants in the study are minimizedThe scientific and quantitative research:Scientific method: involves using a set of orderly procedures to gather information. Move in a systematic fashion through a series of steps.
Empirical evidence: evidence that is rooted in objective reality and gathered directly or indirectlythrough the senses rather than through personal beliefs or hunches.