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Midterm 2 ENST.pdf - !1 ENST 100 Fall 2018 Exam #2 Review...

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1ENST 100 Fall 2018 Exam #2 ReviewLecture 6: Conservation Biology1.Past, present, future of conservation biology2.Overview of Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions and EnvironmentAgricultural RevolutionEnvironmental Impacts:- Deforestation: Resource Depletion & Poor-Farming Practices- Pollution: Air (Wood Burning) & Water (Sewage)Industrial RevolutionThe “Modern Era”:- Wood/Timber Resources Limited from Clear-Cutting- Technological Switch to Fossil Fuels — (Coal -> Oil -> Natural Gas)- Longer Life-Expectancy- Environmental Problem Greater than Ever3.Introduction of Environmental Era and key Federal environmental legislation from this timeperiod (CWA, CAA, NEPA, ESA, CERCLA, etc.)Environmental Era:The 1960s- “Silent Spring” Initiates Wake-Up Call for Environmental Protection and Cleanup- Wilderness Act Enacted 1964 — 1st “legal” Definition of Wilderness in USA- Wilderness: “in contrast with those areas where man and his own works dominate thelandscape, is hereby recognized as an area where the earth and community of life areuntrammeled by man, where man himself is a visitor who does not remain”Federal Environmental Legislation:-CWA:Clean Water Act: Regulates Surface Discharges of Water-SDWA:Safe Drinking Water Act: Regulates Underground Injection of Fluids-CAA:Clean Air Act: Limits Air Emissions from Engines, Gas, Processing Equipment, Etc.-NEPA:National Environmental Policy Act: Requires Exploration and Production on FederalLines be Throughly Analyzed for Environmental Impacts-RCRA:Resource Conservation and Recovery Act: Protecting Human Health and theEnvironment, Conserving Resources, and Reducing the Amount of Waste-ESA:Endangered Species Act: Protects Plants and Animal that are Listed by the FederalGovernments as “Endangered” or “Threatened”-CERCLA:Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act:Tax On the Chemical and Petroleum Industries and Provided Broad Federal Authority toRespond Directly to Releases or Threatened Releases of Hazardous Substances that mayEndanger Public Health or the Environment
24.Wicked Problems and Mass ExtinctionsMass Extinctions: “Normalized to 500 yr intervals, we have not reached mass extinction levelyet – could get there if endangered and threatened species go extinct”5.Ecosystem management: single species vs. ecosystem approach. Compare and contrast theseapproaches. Is one better than the other?

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Term
Spring
Professor
Koletty
Tags
Ecology, Biodiversity, Tragedy of the Commons, Natural environment

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