History 1302 lecture march 24

History 1302 lecture march 24 - million being civilians...

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History 1302 lecture march 24, 2010 The making of a Superpower: WWII and the origins of the Cold War World War II: Total War? Defining Total War Escalation as the war moves East Civilian bombing raids Why it matters? Rulers of engagement Bomber Airplanes Geneva Convention Atomic Bomb: from Total war to superpower The decision Domestic concerns vs. Global context Atomic diplomacy Origins of the Cold War Defining the cold War Truman Doctrine Marshall Plan National Security State Total War Massive mobilization of military and civilians (70 million) Abandon of the rules of engagement Uncompromising
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Demonization The distinction between soldiers and civilians is frequently erased in total war The bulk of the world’s population was at war during WWII Rules of engagement changed during the Second World War, greater willingness to kill POW’s, civilians, and destroy entire cities High level of savagery and dehumanization of the enemy 60 million people were killed throughout WWII, 15 million being soldiers, and 45
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Unformatted text preview: million being civilians Geneva convention 1949, fourth convention focus on civilians people recognized there were certain rules to war, and that they could not be set by the aggressor, but by a higher power Chronology of the Atomic bomb Germany surrenders Alamogordo Test Hiroshima detonation Russia declares war on Japan Nagasaki detonation Pacific War ends The U.S. war department attributed Russia’s declaration of war to Japan’s surrender, and not the dropping of the bombs. Dropping the atomic bombs may have been unnecessary to ending the war The fact that USSR was so close to Japan worried them and forced them into surrender Cold War Decay of the grand alliance From Yalta to Potsdam Communism (Lennin and Marx) Defining the cold War Competing visions of the world Response to Soviet and U.S. state actions Modern struggle for empire National Security defined as economic security...
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History 1302 lecture march 24 - million being civilians...

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