Religious Studies 1001 Terms for Quiz 3

Religious Studies 1001 Terms for Quiz 3 - Religious Studies...

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Unformatted text preview: Religious Studies 1001 Terms for Quiz 3 Yhwh, Elohim – Yhwh is the Hebrew term, the name of the God of Israel in the Hebrew Bible, and Elohim is a Hebrew word which expresses concepts of divinity or deity, notably used as a name of God in Judaism Abraham – The traditional founder of the Jewish people, the man who recognized the existence of one God and entered into a covenant with him Moses, Exodus Moses – The political and religious founder of the Israelite nation. According to tradition, Moses led the people of Israel during their struggle to escape from slavery in Egypt; when the liberated people had marched to Mount Sinai, Moses delivered to them the commandments of their God (the Torah) and initiated them into their national covenant with him. Exodus – One of the decisive biblical themes in shaping Judaism. Provides the principal symbol of divine action for later generations. The biblical account of the Exodus is that a group of Hebrew slaves under the leadership of Moses escaped from Egypt through the Sinai peninsula to the borders of Palestine, and Moses received the Ten Commandments from Yahweh. Canaan – David – F rom the small town of Bethlehem who confronted Goliath. David’s unexpected victory over Goliath made him an instant hero. He was elevated to the Kingship when Saul’s army was defeated by the Philistines. Solomon – Took over as king after David’s death. Under his rule the first temple was built, Jerusalem then became in a special sense Yahweh’s city, and its temple was Yahweh’s abode. Also under Solomon’s reign the royal city reached its peak. Literary activity flourished, and oral traditions were set down in w ritten texts now contained in the scrolls of the Torah. Northern Kingdom and Southern Kingdom Israel was split into a northern kingdom called Israel and a southern kingdom called Judah. Northern Kingdom – Was overthrown in 721 B.C.E. Southern Kingdom – was loyal to the dynasty of David, managed to endure longer. I ts geographic location mad it strategically less attractive to its foes. Eventually fell to the Babylonians led by Nebuchadnezzar. Assyria – Bobylon – Persians – Ezra, Nehemiah – Two leaders from the period who stand out where Ezra and Nehemiah Both Nehemiah and Ezra sought to protect the identity of the Jews....
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2010 for the course RELS 1001 taught by Professor Lane during the Spring '10 term at Minnesota.

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Religious Studies 1001 Terms for Quiz 3 - Religious Studies...

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