Lecture #3

Lecture #3 - Political Science 1 Lecture #3 Review of the...

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Political Science 1 Lecture #3 1/26/10 Review of the five elements of the logic of American politics o 1) political institutions matter o 2) politicians are strategic actors (most of the time) o 3) elections make politicians agents of their constituents o 4) voters are not like politicians. Voting behavior / public opinion is shaped by interests, identities, core values. o 5) collective action problems are central to politics A big challenge to get people to work together in Washington Free Rider problem Each individual has a reason to defect in a prisoner’s dilemma, ideally for one person to cooperate and you to defect Prisoner’s dilemma is fairly common in politics Free-rider problem is a type of prisoner’s dilemma, more people involved than a prisoner’s dilemma Collective good: individual reaps the benefits of a collective action regardless of whether he or she pays any of the costs (nonexcludable ethics) PBS and NPR are examples of free riders because people get to enjoy things when they don’t pay for it National defense could be considered a collective good because everyone benefits whether they paid taxes or served in the military Health care bill can be considered a collective good because some people won’t pay for the benefits Lessons from Free Rider Problem Becomes worse in large group – your contribution is less likely to make a
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2010 for the course PS 12345 taught by Professor Schickler during the Spring '10 term at Berkeley.

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Lecture #3 - Political Science 1 Lecture #3 Review of the...

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