Lecture #5 - Political Science 1 Lecture #5 Separated...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Political Science 1 Lecture #5 2/2/10 Separated Institutions Sharing Power Madison’s ideas got fragmented Montesquieu developed a pure separation of powers, like the legislative makes the laws, executive enforces the laws, and judiciary reviews the laws The United States can be identified as separated institutions sharing power Checks on Congress o Divided into two separate, independent chambers o Veto (hard to override) o Vice President presides over Senate o Judicial review (overturn laws passed by Congress) Checks on President o Impeachment (majority of House needed to impeach) o Senate advice and consent power (appointments, treaties, ambassadors) A lot of transaction costs needed to get anything passed o Much higher than Madison envisioned in Virginia Plan Result: obstacle course and status quo bias o Policy is very difficult to change: too many transaction costs which results in a status quo bias Selling the Constitution Declares the Constitution will take effect when 9 states ratify (out of 13) Violated Articles of Confederation because all 13 would have needed to agree Anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution o Risked that President or Courts would have too much power giving us monarchy or tyranny o Need small republic to be close to the people (national government is too distant from the people) – city-states only successful republics
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/20/2010 for the course PS 12345 taught by Professor Schickler during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

Page1 / 3

Lecture #5 - Political Science 1 Lecture #5 Separated...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online