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Unformatted text preview: 1. As a result of the declining birth rate in Japan, a large population of Japan is elderly and this causes a reduction in the labor force. This reduction in the labor force causes many problems for the economy. For instance, labor shortages in certain sectors have caused the Japanese economy to decline even more. Japan also doesnt allow in many foreigners to work, this causes a severe labor shortage. The social welfare system is also affected by the lack of a work force. Because there are less people paying into the social welfare system, the elderly are receiving fewer pensions. 2. Women are becoming ever-more independent and no longer need to rely on males to support them. They have their own careers and jobs and they do not want to give up their independent lifestyles to raise children. If the women are to have a child, they are expected to give up their careers to take care of her child. There is also a lack and inadequacy of child day-cares. It is very difficult for parents to find a daycare center for their child if they want to remain working. There is also a lack of support for mothers, the allowances they receive for bearing children are little, while the cost of taking care of a child is high. The combination of low employment (only finding low income jobs, menial jobs after leaving the labor market for a few years) opportunities, lack of child care system, and bad labor conditions, women are less willing to give birth. 3. As a result of the rising marriage age, there has been a decline in the birth rate. The Japanese populace is now filled with elderly effectively reducing their work force. In addition, because individuals are not getting married until a later age, they are more likely to live with their families and this reduces the demand for housing. 4. Women in the modern age have their own careers and jobs and do not find marriage as a necessity. They no longer need a husband to support them financially. In addition, women do not want the responsibilities of a family. Women have also started to live with their families, spending money on themselves instead of raising a family. Women education also contributes to the rising marriage age, as women remain in schooling, the age for marriage rises. 5. It is the childrens responsibility to take care of their parents when they get elderly. However, in modern times, more and more people are pursuing their own careers and are disregarding the elderly. As a result, more retirement homes are starting up; however, it is still not enough to house the many elderly that need caring. Not only does it take time to care for the elderly, it is also a burden financially. 6. The Japanese society perceives working mothers as self-interested and uncaring for their children. The society perceives the mother as working for her own interest, earning more income so she could buy things that she wants. A mother who is working does not fit into the image of good-wife, wise-mother. The mother is seen as a bad mother by not teaching and caring for her own child. Whenever the child has problems or does not do teaching and caring for her own child....
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2010 for the course SOC Japan 63 taught by Professor Sabinefruhstuck during the Winter '10 term at UCSB.
- Winter '10