{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Japan63Review - 1 As a result of the declining birth rate...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1. As a result of the declining birth rate in Japan, a large population of Japan is elderly and this causes a reduction in the labor force. This reduction in the labor force causes many problems for the economy. For instance, labor shortages in certain sectors have caused the Japanese economy to decline even more. Japan also doesn’t allow in many foreigners to work, this causes a severe labor shortage. The social welfare system is also affected by the lack of a work force. Because there are less people paying into the social welfare system, the elderly are receiving fewer pensions. 2. Women are becoming ever-more independent and no longer need to rely on males to support them. They have their own careers and jobs and they do not want to give up their independent lifestyles to raise children. If the women are to have a child, they are expected to give up their careers to take care of her child. There is also a lack and inadequacy of child day-cares. It is very difficult for parents to find a daycare center for their child if they want to remain working. There is also a lack of support for mothers, the allowances they receive for bearing children are little, while the cost of taking care of a child is high. The combination of low employment (only finding low income jobs, menial jobs after leaving the labor market for a few years) opportunities, lack of child care system, and bad labor conditions, women are less willing to give birth. 3. As a result of the rising marriage age, there has been a decline in the birth rate. The Japanese populace is now filled with elderly effectively reducing their work force. In addition, because individuals are not getting married until a later age, they are more likely to live with their families and this reduces the demand for housing. 4. Women in the modern age have their own careers and jobs and do not find marriage as a necessity. They no longer need a husband to support them financially. In addition, women do not want the responsibilities of a family. Women have also started to live with their families, spending money on themselves instead of raising a family. Women education also contributes to the rising marriage age, as women remain in schooling, the age for marriage rises. 5. It is the children’s responsibility to take care of their parents when they get elderly. However, in modern times, more and more people are pursuing their own careers and are disregarding the elderly. As a result, more retirement homes are starting up; however, it is still not enough to house the many elderly that need caring. Not only does it take time to care for the elderly, it is also a burden financially. 6. The Japanese society perceives working mothers as self-interested and uncaring for their children. The society perceives the mother as working for her own interest, earning more income so she could buy things that she wants. A mother who is working does not fit into the image of “good-wife, wise-mother.” The mother is seen as a bad mother by not
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
teaching and caring for her own child. Whenever the child has problems or does not do
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern