A guide how to refer - 1 A guide to citing and referencing...

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A guide to citing and referencing for Business School students This guide is divided into two sections. The first explains what citing and referencing are, and tells you when and how to cite and reference. The second section provides explanations and examples of the way references should be formatted/laid out. But first we need to ask… Why bother to reference? Whenever you produce academic work you will be asked to provide references for your ideas. You will find this easier to do if you understand why it is seen as so important in British universities. Referencing is essential to: Acknowledge other peoples’ ideas Allow the reader of your work to locate the cited references easily, and so evaluate your interpretation of those ideas Avoid plagiarism (i.e. taking other peoples’ thoughts, ideas or writings and using them as though they are your own) Show evidence of the breadth and depth of your reading Avoid losing marks! 1) Section one – Citing in the text 1.1)Citing When preparing a piece of written work, you will inevitably come across other peoples’ ideas, theories or data, and you will want to mention or refer to these in your own work. And in referring to these authors, you will also need to create a list of who they are and where their published work is to be found. This is placed at the end of your written work so that your readers can identify what is your work and what is that of other people, and so that they can get hold of those pieces of published work to read, should they wish to do so. Making reference to other authors in your own written work is called citing . The names of the authors who are cited in your text are gathered together, and supplied as an alphabetical list at the end of your written work. This is a reference list . There is no one-best-way to lay out the reference list, and much of it is a matter of tradition or preference. Broadly speaking, the process of citing authors (and the associated reference list) can be done in one of two main styles - the Numeric , where the list of authors is numbered in the order of mention in the text, or the Alphabetical , where the authors’ names are listed in alphabetical order. One of the ways in which alphabetical referencing is done has been given the name of the Name and Date System or the Harvard Referencing System . There are a number of ways in which the Harvard Referencing System can be presented, and all of these are therefore ‘correct’. The Business School has chosen one of these as the method that we recommend you to use. The reason for this is that if you do take this advice, The problem of choosing an appropriate referencing system has been solved for you, Your referencing layout will be consistent and always ‘correct’, and It will conform to the way referencing is done by most business and management researchers and journals. (Another convention that we urge you to comply with is that the University has chosen
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A guide how to refer - 1 A guide to citing and referencing...

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