Lec 36 - Lecture 36 BIS2B Fall 2009 The Tragedy of the...

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1 Lecture 36 BIS2B Fall 2009 The Tragedy of the Commons SOLVED !
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2 The Tragedy of the Commons is a old metaphor, perhaps as old as the Greeks. about the conflict between private and common good in the exploitation of resources. The topic the 1968 essay in Science by that name, authored by Garrett Hardin of UCSB. Most frequently cited work as having the greatest career impact on biologists, in a recent survey. Before Hardin’s paper, only 19 articles had been written in English- language academic literature with on this specific topic in the title in the last 50 years, 2300 articles since publication until 2003. Hardin was a complex, controversial, influential scientist. Largest contribution was to bring ecology into social science .
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3 From lecture 5. Different kinds of science have different values. Basic Science (what you have done mostly in BIS2) Applied Science (what many of us will do after UCD) Medicine, Agriculture, etc Social Science (what many of us will do after UCD) Law, Economics, Political science, Not Science at all but rather part and parcel of culture. Religion.
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4 more from lecture 5. Values of Basic Science. Striving for maximal… 1. Objectivity 2. Logic and rationality 3. Testing. 4. Empiricism. 5. Transparency. 6. About the natural world.
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5 And again from lecture 5. Applied ecology and Social Science in ecology. Values of Biodiversity and other aspects of environment. (not mutually exclusive). Utilitarian . For humans. Short term narrow economic. Exploit now, then move on. Long term narrow economic. Sustain resource. Ecosystem Services from nature: Sustainable climate, clean air, water, nutrients, food, wood, pollination, flood control. Etc. Functional , for other species. Sustainable food webs, nutrients, species interactions, Prospective . Utilitarian value of resources in the future that are not exploited now. Intrinsic. Patriotic, religious, ethical.
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6 Hardin, G. (1968). "Tragedy of Commons." Science 162 (3859): 1243. Gave us way to think about human overexploitation of resources. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tragedy_of_the_commons The article describes a dilemma in which multiple individuals acting independently in their own self-interest can ultimately destroy a shared resource even where it is clear that it is not in anyone's long term interest for this to happen.
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