Class02_Premodern_Economy_Lecture_3

Class02_Premodern_Ec - Population and Economy in Pre-Modern Societies(3:City Commerce and IndustryIssues1.Revival of urban life in

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 2010-04-1312. Population and Economy in Pre-Modern Societies (3):City, Commerce, and IndustryIssues1.Revival of urban life in Europe2.Long-distance trade in the Middle Age, and institutional changes in commerce related toinstitutional changes in commerce related to it.3.Technological and institutional changes in manufacturing.The Revival of Urban LifeHistorical Background¡Decline of cities and urban activities after the fall of the Roman Empire.¡Pirenne’s thesis: The decline of cities were caused bythe invasion of the Muslims in the 8thand 9thcenturies that cut the Mediterranean trade networks. ¡A number of Italian cities managed to maintain the urban tradition, though they suffered and shrank, too.2010-04-1322010-04-133Some Characteristics of Medieval Cities¡Economic:The centers of commercial and manufacturing activities. Division of labor with surrounding rural areas.¡Legal:Autonomous community of free citizen¡Size:They were relatively small in today’s standards. ¡Appearance:Usually, surrounded by castle walls for protection. ¡Significance:Less than 10% of the population lived in urban areas even in the mid 14thcentury But a majorurban areas even in the mid 14century. But a major force of the economic and social changes of the time. 2010-04-134Medieval City: Toledo (Spain)Medieval City: Toledo (Spain)2010-04-135Medieval City: Avila (Spain)Medieval City: Avila (Spain)2010-04-136Origins of Medieval Cities¡Several origins of Medieval cities:1. Revival of Roman cities2. New cities with natural origins: Sea and river ports, intersections of major routes, residence of secular or religious nobles, and military fortress Ætransportation and security needed for commercial activities.3. Planned cities built by colonizers. Roman Cities: Provence (France)2010-04-137Roman Cities: Arles (France)Roman Cities: Bath (Britain)2010-04-138Roman Cities: Segovia (Spain)Why From the Eleventh Century?¡It was largely related to the revival of commerce (especially Mediterranean trade).¡Pirenne: Merchants settled in places favorable for commercial activities, and these places grew into cities.¡Postan: Why the cities of the particular features (e.g. freedom)? Rural villages in the Middle Age were not desirable places for commercial activities (feudal restrictions on geographic mobility, disposal of properties, and freedom of contracts) ÆThe development of commerce required a rise of cities that were free from the feudal orders. 2010-04-139Establishment of Autonomous Medieval Cities¡How did autonomous cities emerge? – through purchase and fight¡Cities were initially subject to the feudal system. Forming of urban governmentcommunes):¡Forming of urban government (communes): Associations of successful merchants and urban-dwelling aristocrats were formed to attend to municipal affairs, and developed into urban governments¡Urban governments bargained with their feudal lords for charters of freedom or fought for them (e g Milanfor charters of freedom, or fought for them (e.g. Milan for charters of freedom, or fought for them (e....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/21/2010 for the course ECON 181B taught by Professor Lee during the Spring '10 term at UCLA.

Page1 / 22

Class02_Premodern_Ec - Population and Economy in Pre-Modern Societies(3:City Commerce and IndustryIssues1.Revival of urban life in

This preview shows document pages 1 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online