GEOG101_-_Lecture_09

GEOG101_-_Lecture_09 - Chapter5 Contd GEOG101 Lecture9...

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Chapter 5 Mapping Cultural Identities  Cont’d GEOG 101 Lecture 9 February 4th 2010
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Lecture Outline Cultural Systems Geography and Language Cultural Nationalism Maintaining Cultural Borders Culture and Identity Ethnicity and Use of Space; Race and Place; Gender Culture and the Physical Environment Cultural Ecology; Political Ecology Globalization and Cultural Change A Global Culture?
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Geography and Language Importance Language is a central aspect of cultural identity. Human geography can be studied through the study of the  distribution and diffusion of language. Language A means of communicating ideas or feelings by means of a  conventionalized system of signs, gestures, marks, or articulate  vocal sounds.  
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Geography and Language Language family a collection of individual languages believed to be related in  their prehistoric origin   Language branch a collection of languages that possess a definite common origin  but have split into individual languages  Language group a collection of several individual languages that are part of a  language branch, share a common origin, and have similar  grammar and vocabulary  
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Geography and Language   Memory of Language Retains memory of past within present forms. 50% of global population speak a language derived from Indo- European Language Family. Cultural hearth The geographical origin or source of innovations, ideas, or  ideologies (term coined by geographer Carl Sauer).  Isolate A language that has no known relationship with any other and  cannot be assigned to a language family.
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World Distribution of Major Languages and  Major Language Families
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Language and Regional Identity Language important characteristic of cultural regions Used to establish ethnic, regional, and national differences. Mother tongue The first language learned at home in childhood and still  understood by the individual at the time of the census. (as  defined by Statistics Canada) Home language The language spoken most often at home by an individual. (as  defined by Statistics Canada)
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Language and Regional Identity Official languages languages (in Canada, English and French) in which the  government has a legal obligation to conduct its affairs, and in 
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