GEOG101_-_Lecture_14

GEOG101_-_Lecture_14 - AgricultureandFood Production...

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Agriculture and Food  Production GEOG 101 Lecture 14 March 2nd 2010
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Lecture Outline Traditional Agricultural Geography Agricultural Revolution and Industrialization Industrialization of Agriculture; Forces of Globalization;  Organization of the Agro-Food System; Food Chains Social & Technological Change in Global Agricultural  Restructuring An Example of Social Change; Biotechnology in Agriculture Impact of the Environment on Agriculture Impact of Agriculture on the Environment
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Groundwork Agriculture and Geography Chief contribution of geography to agriculture has been  mapping different factors shaping agriculture Soil, temperature, terrain Relationship among agriculture, the environment, and  society Objective of agricultural research in Geography To understand the myriad ways in which humans have learned  to adapt and domesticate the natural world around them to  sustain themselves
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Traditional Agricultural Geography Agriculture A science, an art, and a business directed at the cultivation of  crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance and profit Agrarian The way of life embedded in the demands of agricultural  production Referring to the culture of agricultural communities and the type  of tenure system that determines access to land and the kind of  cultivation practices employed there
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Origins of Agriculture Hunting and Gathering Activities whereby people feed themselves through killing wild animals  and fish and gathering fruits, roots, nuts , and other edible plants Subsistence agriculture Farming for direct consumption by the producers, not for sale   Replaced hunting and gathering when people realized that  domestication of plants and animals enabled them to remain settled in  one place over time Commercial agriculture Farming primarily for sale, not for direct consumption
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Global Distribution of Agriculture, 2005
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Dominant Forms of Subsistence  Agriculture Shifting cultivation A system in which farmers aim to maintain soil fertility by  rotating the fields within which cultivation occurs Globally distributed in the tropics
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