GEOG101_-_Lecture_15

GEOG101_-_Lecture_15 - ThePoliticsofTerritoryand Space...

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The Politics of Territory and  Space GEOG 101 Lecture 15 March 9th 2010
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Chapter Outline The Development of Political Geography The Geopolitical Model of the State; Boundaries Geopolitics and the World Order States and Nations The End of the Nation-State? Imperialism, Colonialism, and the North-South Divide Twentieth-Century Decolonization The East-West Divide and Domino Theory International and Supranational Organizations Continued
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Chapter Outline (continued) Politics and Geography The Politics of Geography The Geography of Politics Politics and the Environment Conclusion
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The Development of Political Geography Political Geography a further subfield of Geography. Traditionally consisted of two important traditions: The People-Land Tradition and Environmental Determinism Geopolitics The state's power to control space or territory and shape the  foreign policy of individual states and international political  relations
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Friedrich Ratzel’s Seven Laws of State  Growth 1) The territory of the state grows with the expansion of the  population having the same culture. 2) Territorial growth follows other aspects of development. 3) A state grows by absorbing smaller units. 4) The frontier is the peripheral organ of the state that reflects the  strength and growth of the state; hence it is not permanent. 5) States in the course of their growth seek to absorb politically  valuable territory. 6) The impetus for growth comes to a primitive state from a more  highly developed civilization. 7) The trend toward territorial growth is contagious and increases in  the process of transmission.
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Key to Freidrich Ratzel’s Laws  Geopolitics stems from the interactions of power and  territory To see the interaction of power and territory playing out  in today’s world, look at maps of Europe drawn over the  past century.
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The Changing Map of Europe: 1924,  1989, 2008
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Boundaries Territory The delimited area over which a state exercises control and that  is recognized by other states Boundaries allow territoriality to be defined and enforced. Allow for the control and regulations of all activities occurring within  them. Exhibit different degrees of permeability from informal markers, to  formal ones set down in international law. Important element of geopolitics and the geography of domestic  policies. 
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Boundaries Canada – United States United States – Mexico
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Boundary Formation Formal boundaries tend to follow natural boundaries. Where no natural boundary exits, borders tend to be 
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2010 for the course ARTS GEOG101 taught by Professor Geofferyshifflet during the Spring '10 term at Waterloo.

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GEOG101_-_Lecture_15 - ThePoliticsofTerritoryand Space...

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