GEOG101_-_Lecture_20

GEOG101_-_Lecture_20 - Lecture20 CitySpace:UrbanStructure...

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Lecture 20 City Space: Urban Structure  Cont’d GEOG 101 Lecture 20 March 25th 2010
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Lecture Outline  Urban Structure and Land Use Cont’d Comparative Urban Structure Urban Form and Design Symbolic Landscapes Planned Urban Design Urban Trends and Problems Problems of Post-Industrial Cities Problems of Unintended Metropolises Conclusion
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Comparative Urban Structure Urban structure varies a good deal from one region of the world to  another because of the influence of history, culture, and the  different roles that cities have played within the world-system. Fundamental forces of economic competition for space and  accessibility, social and ethnic discrimination and congregation,  functional agglomeration, and residential search behaviour are  universal.
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Comparative Urban Structure Cities reflect these fundamental forces in their buildings and layouts, and  these ‘built forms’ can become potent place-making factors in their own  right as they, in turn, shape our behavior and our memories as urban  dwellers. Culture creates cities, but cities also create their own culture. This culture contributes to our ‘sense of place’ Sense of Place; The feelings evoked among people as a result of the  experiences and memories that they associate with a place and the symbolism  they attach to it.
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European Cities Unlike North American cities in general, European cities are  typically the product of several major epochs of urban  development. Many cities founded in the period of the Roman Empire and it is not  uncommon for the outlines of Roman and medieval urban development  to be preserved in these cities’ street patterns. Today this history still evident in the complex street patterns, plazas or  squares, and high-density urban living.
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Towns of Medieval Europe
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Medieval Europe: Toledo
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Urban Structure in Continental Western  Europe
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Colonial Cities Colonial cities are those that were deliberately established or  developed as administrative or commercial centers by colonial or  imperial powers. They reflect in the urban structure the division among three original  functional components;  Colonial Administration Military Security Indigenous commerce and residence. They typically are located on a coastal site, or along a river and follow  European models of urban designs such as the gridiron pattern of town  planning and deliberate racial segregation  
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Urban Structure in Colonial Cities
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Cities of the Periphery Main commonality of the cities of the periphery is the experience of  unprecedented rates of growth driven by rural overpopulation and the lack  of employment opportunities in rural areas. The structure of peripheral cities varies according to three factors:
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GEOG101_-_Lecture_20 - Lecture20 CitySpace:UrbanStructure...

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