GEOG101_-_Sustainable_Livelihoods

GEOG101_-_Sustainable_Livelihoods - Disasters, Development...

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Disasters, Development and Sustainable Livelihoods Erin Joakim PhD Candidate University of Waterloo
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Agenda Development Sustainable Livelihoods Disaster Recovery 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami
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Development Historical understandings of development Context of colonization Focused primarily on economy, industrialization and modernization Human-centred approaches to development Focus on capabilities Improved living standards, health and well-being
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Period Theory Understanding of Development 1950 > Modernization theory Views development in terms of stages of growth (see Rostow’s work) that emulate Western societies (i.e. shift from traditional, rural, agricultural societies to urban, industrial and modern societies). Growth poles lead to development processes that diffuse and trickle-down. While still focusing on material growth, begins to include political 1960 > Dependency theory Critique of modernization paradigm, where powerful core countries exploit the resources and labour in peripheral areas. Core meaning of development still focuses on economic growth under the heading of autocentric accumulation - distorted form is dependent accumulation, leading to the development of 'underdevelopment' - See the work of Andre Gunder Frank, Raul Prebisch and Wallerstein's 'World Systems Theory' 1970 > Alternative development New understanding of development promoted that focuses on social and community development where development is seen as multi-dimensional (not just in economic terms, but also relates to broader social, cultural, political and environmental factors). Adopts a resource-based, bottom-up approach that focuses primarily on human and environmental concerns. 1980 > Human development Growing out of Amartya Sen's work on capabilities and entitlements, focusing on development as capacitation. Development, above all else, is enabling.
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2010 for the course ARTS GEOG101 taught by Professor Geofferyshifflet during the Spring '10 term at Waterloo.

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GEOG101_-_Sustainable_Livelihoods - Disasters, Development...

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