Sustainable_Livelihoods_Guidance_Sheet - SUSTAINABLE...

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SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS FRAMEWORK INTRODUCTION 2.1 The livelihoods framework is a tool to improve our understanding of livelihoods, particularly the livelihoods of the poor. It was developed over a period of several months by the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Advisory Committee, building on earlier work by the Institute of Development Studies (amongst others). This section of the Guidance Sheets provides an introduction to the framework itself. The individual components of the framework are described in more detail in the subsequent sheets in this section. Practical questions and challenges of operationalising the approach will be covered in Section 3 and following. Why a framework? The sustainable livelihoods framework presents the main factors that affect people’s livelihoods, and typical relationships between these. It can be used in both planning new development activities and assessing the contribution to livelihood sustainability made by existing activities. In particular, the framework: • provides a checklist of important issues and sketches out the way these link to each other; • draws attention to core influences and processes; and • emphasises the multiple interactions between the various factors which affect livelihoods. The framework is centred on people. It does not work in a linear manner and does not try to present a model of reality. Its aim is to help stakeholders with different perspectives to engage in structured and coherent debate about the many factors that affect livelihoods, their relative importance and the way in which they interact. This, in turn, should help in the identification of appropriate entry points for support of livelihoods. The arrows within the framework are used as shorthand to denote a variety of different types of relationships, all of which are highly dynamic. None of the arrows imply direct causality, though all imply a certain level of influence. Figure 1. Sustainable livelihoods framework LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES Influence & access VULNERABILITY CONTEXT TRANSFORMING STRUCTURES & PROCESSES STRUCTURES PROCESSES LIVELIHOOD OUTCOMES H S PF N LIVELIHOOD ASSETS SHOCKS TRENDS SEASONALITY • Levels of government • Private sector • Laws • Policies • Culture • Institutions • More income • Increased well-being • Reduced vulnerability • Improved food security • More sustainable use of NR base Key H = Human Capital S = Social Capital N = Natural Capital P = Physical Capital F = Financial Capital i n o r d e r t o a c h i e v e
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Sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets These Guidance Sheets aim to stimulate reflection and learning. Readers are encouraged to send comments and contributions to: [email protected] April 1999 INTRODUCTION FRAMEWORK Understanding the framework • The form of the framework is not intended to suggest that the starting point for all livelihoods (or livelihood analysis) is the Vulnerability Context which through a series of permutations yields Livelihoods Outcomes.
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Sustainable_Livelihoods_Guidance_Sheet - SUSTAINABLE...

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