History_of_Journalism_EXAM_1_STUDY_GUIDE

History_of_Journalis - Week 1.1 Journalism History and Historical Research o Explain journalism as an institution product of societal conditions as

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Week 1.1 Journalism History and Historical Research o Explain journalism as an institution: product of societal conditions, as technology, advancement, etc. progressed, greater need for information gather information a social practice: writing, editing, presenting news and information to the public an occupational field: Has norms and standards, seek the truth, fair and balanced. NOT a profession, don't need certification and a notion: vision and ideology, i.e. functions as political mouthpiece to inform ºexplain history as cognitive knowledge: confident understanding of the facts of the past with the ability to use it in a contemporary sense, using context to explain things. ºexplain the two major approaches to historical research (humanistic vs. social- scientific) social science: factors and consequences, large social processes, systematic observation of human action/ writing: explanation humanistic: individual experiences/ interpretation of motives and meanings. writing: narrative explain in what ways history can be useful. (**short version: context, understanding, prediction-refinement of theoretical knowledge) Long version: -clarify contexts in which contemporary problems exist -not merely for what it contributes to present understanding but also for what it suggests about the future -useful: in the refinement of theoretical knowledge, of an "if, then" sort -find out who we are -not merely to teach people substantive historical truths but also teach them how to think historically Week 1.2 Historical Roots of American Journalism o Public Occurrences Both for Foreign and Domestic: first multipage paper before broadside, only one issue, 1690, Boston o Boston Newsletter: first continuous paper, 1704 o New-England Courant; oldest and first independent paper, James Franklin (brother of Benjamin, who wrote under Silence Dogood), 1723 illustration, set tone for next 100 years with grammar o New York Journal: screaming headlines, printed by John Peter Zenger vehicle Chief Justice Lewis Morris, basically sponsored by political faction o Explain the social conditions for the rise of American journalism British colonialism: colonies new economic opportunities, content about trade religious freedom, sermons published Colonial economy: depended on close ties to England, British political news important Increased population Increased education and literacy o explain why Boston was the news center -major metro. area -high density of printers and people -big port, lots of information and political/economic importance o explain and give examples for the different types of sponsorship of colonial papers; postmaster: by default, best at gathering/distributing news. John Campbell, first newspaper Publick Occurances
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literary club: aspiring writers, creative content Boston Weekly Rehearsal political faction: not partisan dominated yet, New York Weekly Journal printers: used own facilities, New England Courant, newspaper saved printing shop o content, format and audience of colonial papers
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2010 for the course JOURNALISM 3000 taught by Professor Volz during the Spring '10 term at Missouri (Mizzou).

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History_of_Journalis - Week 1.1 Journalism History and Historical Research o Explain journalism as an institution product of societal conditions as

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