Social Psychology 2040 Test 2

Social Psychology 2040 Test 2 - Social Psychology 2040 Test...

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Social Psychology 2040 Test 2 Chapter 5 Culture is the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next (our customs, foods, and religions are all part of our culture) Norms are rules for accepted and expected behavior. Norms prescribe “proper” behavior, what most others do, what is normal (there are certain universal norms such as incest, murder and stealing) 5 factors of personality are stability, extroversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness There are 5 large social beliefs that all effect how people adhere and react to norms. They are: Cynicism (powerful people exploit others), Social complexity (circumstances effect behavior), Reward for application (if you succeed it is because you tried hard), Spirituality (people put faith in something), Fate control (fate determines one’s success and failures) Personal space is the buffer zone we like to maintain around our bodies. Its size depends on our familiarity with whoever is near us (Men prefer more space than women, Northern hemisphere prefers more space) Collectivists have a group orientation, they are interdependent, they maintain connections to fit in, cope through “we” goals, accommodate to reality, morality defined by social networks that are duty based, they have few close enduring relationships, harmony is required, behavior reflects social norms and roles (external attributions) Individualists are independent, discover and express one’s uniqueness, “me” rights and liberties, to cope they change reality, morality is defined by the individual, relationships are many and are often temporary and casual, confrontation is acceptable, Behavior reflects one’s personality and attitudes (internal attributions) Gender in psychology refers to the characteristics, whether biological or socially influenced, by which people define male and female Gender role is a set of behavior expectations (norms) for males and females We feel some inconsistency when people do not act their gender Gender typing is the process in which we acquire our gender identity and role Social learning theory says we analyze all of the things we have been rewarded and punished for Observational learning says we have informational cues that we learn to use to behave consistently with our role Gender schema theory says that culture influences our gender schema and our gender schema influences our thinking and behavior about gender Social child development Girl’s value social relationships more in their self-images, females are more empathetic and caring Empathy is the vicarious experience of another’s feelings; putting oneself in another’s shoes Males are more aggressive, less emotional, more self-reliant, and make more sexual advances
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Aggression is the physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone Evolutionary psychology is the study of behavior using principles of natural selection Evolutionary psychology focuses on the effect of natural selection on human behavior
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2010 for the course PSYC 2040 taught by Professor Adair during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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Social Psychology 2040 Test 2 - Social Psychology 2040 Test...

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