POLI 4081

POLI 4081 - Study Guide - Test 1 F rom the Apology:...

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Study Guide - Test 1 From the Apology: Explain: "The Double Trial" Old accusations versus new accusations - we must first address the old accusations: Socrates is an atheist and he makes the weaker argument the stronger. These are things the public has heard since they were young. People are angry at him for questioning them and making them look foolish. Socrates' response: The oracle stated that Socrates is the wisest man in Athens because he understands that he does not know everything. Socrates took it upon himself to question those who had a reputation for being wise out of piety and reverence to the gods. He wanted to see if he was the wisest by proving the other men were not wise. The new accusations are the ones brought from Meletos. Socrates corrupts the youth and believes in new gods and is therefore impious. Socrates' response: Socrates said that Meletos is just prosecuting lightly and pretending to care about the youth when he doesn't. He gets Meletos to say that everyone but Socrates helps youth and he points out that children, like the rearing of horses, are corrupted by the many and bettered by the few. No children or families are speaking out against him. The three phases of the action The three forces of the Socratic Soul Why dying might be better than living If Socrates had feared death then he would have been a hypocrite. Socrates viewed death as the ultimate purification experience where man rids himself of the prison that is his body and becomes closer to Truth and the higher powers.
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Therefore, dying is the ultimate act of purifications and it allows man to escape the prison of his body. What is meant by "Socratic ignorance"? The notion that one cannot fully know anything; true knowledge is reserved for the gods. "Human wisdom is worth little or nothing." Anything man can know is minute compared to the ultimate Truth. How can Socrates be the wisest of men? Socrates is the wisest of men because he is able to accept that every man is ignorant. He understands that he does not know everything about the world and the afterlife and the higher powers - therefore, he travels Athens questioning everyone. What is the relationship between persuasion ( peitho ) and truth (aletheia) ? Persuasion is practiced by the sophists and truth is practiced by the philosophers. What is the relationship between the rhetorical modes of eristic and dialectic? Eristic modes are characteristic of the sophists - they are arguments that are geared solely to win. Dialectic modes are "towards the truth" and they are the arguments used by philosophers. Why is experience more important than language in ascertaining the truth? Language can be manipulated. Truth can only be found through
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POLI 4081 - Study Guide - Test 1 F rom the Apology:...

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