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10-21-09_P200_Notes

10-21-09_P200_Notes - P200 Notes The Presidency The...

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10/21/09 P200 Notes The Presidency The Presidency: Institutional Dilemma - What is the President’s job? -The Symbolic Head of State -Commander in Chief -Chief Diplomat -Chief Policy-Maker / Legislator -Chief Executive of the vast Federal Bureaucracy -Party Leader – Partisan -Americans have high and conflicting expectations of presidents, but… -Presidential authority can be ambiguous and contentious -Bottom Line: Expectations exceed explicit authority President’s Formal Powers - What are the Formal Powers of the President? -Formal Powers: A story of “Yes… But…” - The President is Commander in Chief, but… -Congress has the power to raise the Army and Declare War - President has the power to make treaties, but - The Senate must ratify treaties by 2/3rds vote - President can Veto legislation, but… Congress can override a Veto with 2/3rds vote in each Chamber - President has the power to appoint judges, but - Choices are subject to the advice and consent of the Senate - Take Care Clause gives authority over bureaucracy through executive orders, but.. - Congress oversees and funds the bureaucracy Ambiguous Presidential Power - Given the ambiguity of and contention over formal power, where does Presidential power come from? -Informal Power: Power of Persuasion and Leadership -Richard Neustadt: -“Presidential power is the power to persuade” -“The power to persuade is the power to bargain” -But, “Bargaining advantages convey no guarantees. Influence remains a two-way
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