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10-28-09_P200_Notes - PLSI 200 Notes The Executive...

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10/28/09 PLSI 200 Notes The Executive Bureaucracy Recap Part III: Federal Institutions Institution Dilemma Question Congress National Legislature, but Locally Elected Is Congressional Representation local and self-regarding, or national and public regarding? The Supreme Court Non-elected Policy-Maker Is Judicial Review Democratic? The President High and conflicting expectations (with limited and wasting resources) Is a strong president healthy for America democracy? What is Bureaucracy? -Hierarchical Structure -Division of Labor -Consistent set of Rules for decision making -Impersonal and egalitarian processes -Career system for bureaucrats -Specific Instructional Goals -Kernell and Jacobson’s Definition --“a purposive machine with interchangeable human parts designed to facilitate collective action…while enabling principals to control agents.” (368) Bureaucratic Collective Action Problems - What problems of collective action are bureaucracies designed to overcome? -Collective Action Problems: -Coordination of relevant policy actors -Discouraging Free-Riders -Reduce Transaction Costs -Enforcing Cooperative Agreements -Costs of Bureaucratic Government -Heavy Conformity Costs on bureaucrats and the people -In Plain English: Red-Tape, slow and efficient processes US Bureaucratic Government Presidential Branch Bureaucratic structure that has grown around the Presidency West Wing staff, OMB, NSC Bureaucratic Branch Permanent Federal Bureaucracy staffed by civil servants, departments directed by Presidential appointees DOD, DOJ, EPA, Interior, Commerce, etc.,etc. US Welfare State Complex mix of public and private bureaucracies that provide benefits and compensation for problems in modern industrialized society Social Security, TANF, Private health insurance, Medicare, Medicaide, disability, unemployment
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Bureaucracy: The Institutional Drama -In theory, the bureaucracy is supposed to be a neutral reservoir of policy making information and expertise -But.. -Serve many masters with many different political and policy agendas (unlike parliamentary system) -And, Bureaucracy often fights to maintain budget and policy “territory”- plays branches of government off each other to maintain authority Framing Questions -Who really controls the federal bureaucracy?
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10-28-09_P200_Notes - PLSI 200 Notes The Executive...

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