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Ch 6 Deviance and crime

Ch 6 Deviance and crime - What is Deviance Deviance the...

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1 What is Deviance? Deviance – the recognized violation of cultural norms. Crime – the violation of a society’s formally enacted criminal law. What deviant actions or attitudes have in common is some element of difference that causes us to regard another person as an outsider.
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2 Social Control Social control – attempts by society to regulate people’s thought and behavior. The criminal justice system – formal responses by police, courts, and prison officials to alleged violations of the law.
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3 What does deviance do for society? Émile Durkheim—the functions of deviance 1. Deviance affirms cultural values and norms. 2. Responding to deviance Clarifies moral boundaries Promotes social cohesion and group solidarity 3. Deviance encourages social change.
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4 How do we explain deviance? Learning theories & subcultural theories Differential association Broken windows Social control theory Strain theory Opportunity theory Conflict theory Labeling (or societal reaction) theory
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5 Merton’s Strain Theory of Deviance
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