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Soc+1+test1+review+materials - Soc 1 Exam 1 test review...

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Soc 1 Exam 1 test review materials: Kimmel and Aronson, Sociology Now All concepts that are in bold type and defined in the text are fair game. You should be able to briefly define each and give an example. Chapter One: What Is Sociology? Chapter Summary Sociology is a unique way of viewing the world, involving both/and thinking and using a scientific approach to study the complex dynamics of individuals and their social contexts. The field of sociology developed out of the Enlightenment, after which a variety of European and American thinkers developed the field into what it is today. In recent years in sociology, scholars who were originally excluded from the canon have received new recognition for their important work, and the division between the functionalist and the conflict theory paradigms has begun to be replaced by the concepts of globalization and multiculturalism. These new lenses help us understand the both/and nature of today’s world, in which we see the postmodern and the premodern, connections and divisions, both shaping our identities and experiences simultaneously. Learning Objectives After reading chapter 1, you should be able to respond to these objectives. Understand what sociology is and how it helps us understand the world and our place in it. Explain the sociological perspective, what it is and why C. Wright Mills referred to it as the intersection of history and biography. Identify and understand the difference between tradition and science. Identify the major social changes that were especially important to the development of sociology in Europe and the U.S. Understand the main sociological themes that emerged from the major social changes in Europe and the U.S. Identify and understand the sociological contributions of Marx, Weber and Durkheim. Explain how Émile Durkheim’s study of suicide helped demonstrate how social forces affect people’s behaviors and why social integration may affect the rates of suicide. Discuss each of the 3 major sociological paradigms—symbolic interactionism, structural functionalism, and conflict—and describe their level of analysis and their explanations for societal connections. Define globalization and multiculturalism and the impact of these perspectives on sociology. Be able to discuss the perspectives of the theorists discussed in class. Explain the differences between modernism and postmodernism. Sample Questions (The answers are at the end of the file.)
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