Stylistic Variations

Stylistic Variations - Stylistic Variations It is the...

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S t y l i s t i c V a r i a t i o n s S t y l i s t i c V a r i a t i o n s “It is the writer’s privilege to help man endure by lifting his heart, by reminding him of the courage and honor and hope and pride and compassion and pity and sacrifice which have been the glory of his past.” —William Faulkner, Nobel Prize Award Speech, 1949 Z V j r Q Quickie Review CLAUSE: Two or more words with a subject and a predicate: “That is” “why grammar rocks” “who loves you.” SUBORDINATE/DEPENDENT CLAUSE: “When I heard the learn’d astronomer , I grew tired of his droning.” This clause has the requisite subject ( I ) and predicate ( heard ), but the [subordinate] conjunction ( when ) subor- dinates it: it cannot stand alone; it is dependent on the rest of the sentence (which is an in dependent clause). INDEPENDENT/MAIN CLAUSE: “I wandered off and looked up in perfect silence at the stars.” This clause has a subject ( I ), a predicate ( wandered off [etc] ), and expresses a complete thought ; it can stand alone. Some Sample Sentence Structures SIMPLE: Contains no coordinate (of equal syntactic status) or subordinate clauses: Most stoonts live lives of quiet des- peration. The eternal silence of these infinite spaces frightens me. The preservation of the world is in wildness. INVERSION: Inverts the common subject-verb-object order, usually for emphasis: In wildness is the preservation of the world. In quiet desperation do most Whitchurchean stoonts live out their lives. The last word usually carries most weight, but inverting the structure (e.g. “My lover is fiery” —> “Fiery is my lover”) can stress the first word or phrase. COMPOUND: Contains two or more coordinate independent clauses: I saw you–I loved you. Man is but a reed, the most feeble thing in nature; but he is a thinking reed. So be wide aware; be wild aware: be oak and hawk. COMPLEX: Contains at least one independent clause and one subordinate clause: If you don’t know history, you’re a leaf that doesn’t know it’s part of a tree. When all the animals are gone, will we die from loneliness of spirit? If he’d cut down a rainforest for economic gain, he might just as lief burn a Renaissance painting to cook a meal. LOOSE/CUMULATIVE: Main clause completed early in the sentence, then added to: The old love to give advice, to con- sole themselves for no longer being in a condition to give the bad examples of their unseemly youth.
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2010 for the course ENG 110 taught by Professor Whitchurch during the Spring '10 term at Golden West College.

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Stylistic Variations - Stylistic Variations It is the...

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