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The Effects of Punishment and Sentencing

The Effects of Punishment and Sentencing - The Effects of...

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The Effects of Punishment and Sentencing The Effects of Punishment and Sentencing Michaela Vos University Of Phoenix
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The Effects of Punishment and Sentencing 1 The fundamental philosophies surrounding the purpose of sentencing are elimination of deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation, and retribution. The reason for deterrence is because deterrence means that if the punishment given to the criminal is severe enough, it will stop another potential criminal from committing the same crime or to keep criminals from becoming a repeat offender. The reason for incapacitation is because it is the belief that if a criminal is detained for a crime, keeping them kept away from the community, reduces the crime level, and once the criminal is released he or she will most likely not become a repeat offender. Rehabilitation is in the philosophy because people believe that if someone breaks a law, they should not only be punished before being released back into society, but should also be provided with resources that they need to keep them from going back to criminal activity. Retribution is the belief that a
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