Wk04B_1301_Cdn_Gov't - ADM 1301A Fall 2009 Week 4...

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1 ADM 1301A Fall 2009 Week 4 (Supplemental Material) Specifics of the Canadian Government
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2 The Never-ending Question…. What should be the respective roles of business and government in our socioeconomic system? Which tasks should be handled by government and which by business? How much autonomy are we willing to allow business?
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3 Interaction of Business, Government, and the Public Business General Public Government Lobbying Regulations and Other Forms of  Persuasion Advertising Public Relations Political Process Voting Interest Groups Contributions
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4 Public Sector Activities Three main public sector activities Provision of “public” goods and services Shaping and stabilizing private sector Redistribution of income and wealth (Source: Paquet and Roy, Governance in Canada, Version VI (1998)) “Public Sector” = “Government”
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5 Developing Public Policy Whatever governments choose to do or not do (Dye: 1972) A course of action or inaction chosen by public authorities to address a problem, expressed in the body of laws, regulations, decisions and actions of government* Sources of Legislation The public The government The public service Parliament The Judiciary *(www.answers.com/topic/public-policy?cat=biz-fin)
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6 The Public Policy Process* Steps: 1. Problem identification/definition 2. Setting the agenda 3. Formulating the policy 4. Implementing the policy 5. Evaluating the policy *www.dadalos.org/politik_int/politik/policy-zyklus.htm
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7 The Public Policy Process Source:Bridgman and Davis. 2000. in http://www.premiers.qld.gov.au/About_the_department/publications/policies/Governing_Queensland/Policy_Handbook/cyc le/cycle/
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8 The Public Policy Process vs. The Market Process Source: Paquet and Roy, Governance in Canada, Version VI (1998) The market process vs. the state process exchange private goods economic values self-interest invisible hand producers-consumers consumer sovereignty profits as rewards business firms efficiency principles political public goods diverse values public interest visible hand politicians-citizens citizen sovereignty power as reward government agencies justice principles The Market Process The State Process
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9 How does government differ from business? The political process Elections can cause whole scale administrative changes in a constrained time period Difference in timelines perceived by politicians and civil servants Treat members of the public consistently in the delivery of programs – the same level and rigour available to all Canadians regardless of where they live The nature of government activity Government faces a multiplicity of goals and the lack of any clear distinction between means and ends Qualitative goals of government do not lend themselves to evaluation through performance standards Canadians expect government to solve problems for which there are no obvious solutions (eg: pollution, unemployment, corporate social responsibility, international trade) Political efficiency is sought – not economic efficiency
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2010 for the course MANAGEMENT ADM 1301 taught by Professor Audi during the Spring '08 term at University of Ottawa.

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Wk04B_1301_Cdn_Gov't - ADM 1301A Fall 2009 Week 4...

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