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hw1soln - 15-381 Spring 2007 Assignment 1 Solutions Out...

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15-381 Spring 2007 Assignment 1 Solutions Out: January 23rd, 2007 Due: February 6th, 1:30pm Tuesday Many people lost 5 points for failing to put their andrew ID on their assignments. This was clearly listed in the instructions for the homework. Many people lost 5 points for failing to follow the collaboration policy. This was clearly listed in the instructions for the homework. 1. The missionaries and cannibals problem is as follows. Three missionaries and three cannibals are on one side of a river, along with a boat. The boat can hold one or two people (and obviously cannot be paddled to the other side of the river with zero people in it). The goal is to get everyone to the other side, without ever leaving a group of missionaries outnumbered by cannibals. Your task is to formulate this as a search problem. (a) Define a state representation. (2 points) There are many possibilities. One example is: Represent the missionaries by M and the cannibals by C . Let the boat be B . Each state can be represented by the items on each side, e.g. Side 1 { M, M, C, C } , Side 2 { M, C, B } . (b) Give the initial and goal states in this representation. (1 point) Initial state: Side 1 { M, M, M, C, C, C, B } , Side 2 {} Goal state: Side 1 {} , Side 2 { M, M, M, C, C, C, B } (c) Define the successor function in this representation. (2 points) A set of missionaries and/or cannibals (call them Move ) can be moved from Side a to Side b if: The boat is on Side a . The set Move consists of 1 or 2 people that are on Side a . The number of missionaries in the set formed by subtracting Move from Side a is 0 or it is greater than or equal to the number of cannibals. The number of missionaries in the set formed by adding Move to Side b is 0 or it is greater than or equal to the number of cannibals. (d) What is the cost function in your successor fuction? (1 point) Each move has unit cost. (e) What is the total number of reachable states? (2 points) 16: Side 1 { M, M, M, C, C, C, B } , Side 2 {} Side 1 {} , Side 2 { M, M, M, C, C, C, B } Side 1 { M, M, M, C, C, B } , Side 2 { C } Side 1 { M, M, M, C, C } , Side 2 { C, B } Side 1 { M, M, M, C, B } , Side 2 { C, C } Side 1 { M, M, M, C } , Side 2 { C, C, B } Side 1 { M, M, C, C, B } , Side 2 { M, C } Side 1 { M, M, C, C } , Side 2 { M, C, B } Side 1 { M, C, B } , Side 2 { M, M, C, C } 1
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Side 1 { M, C } , Side 2 { M, M, C, C, B } Side 1 { C, C, C, B } , Side 2 { M, M, M } Side 1 { C } , Side 2 { M, M, M, C, C, B } Side 1 { C, C, B } , Side 2 { M, M, M, C } Side 1 { C, C, B } , Side 2 { M, M, M, C } Side 1 { M, M, M } , Side 2 { C, C, C, B } Side 1 { C, B } , Side 2 { M, M, M, C, C } The last one is only reachable through the goal state, but it is still technically reachable (e.g. if you are just exploring the state space instead of searching for a goal).
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