Exam 3 Notes Psych

Exam 3 Notes Psych - E xam 3 Notes, starting here April 2,...

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Exam 3 Notes, starting here April 2, 2009 Chapter 15: Learning to be a person: Behaviorism and social learning theories “Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up, and I’ll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any time of specialist I might select – doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant, chief, and yes, even beggerman and thief…” – Watson—1930 Chapter 15: Outline I. Behaviorism/Learning theory a. Four modes of learning II. Associative Learning a. Processes b. Learned Helplessness III. Instrumental Learning a. Processes b. Relation to Personality IV.Social Learning a. Drives i. Drives and Behavior b. Control i. c. Vicarious Agents i. Models ii. Agressiveness
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I. Behaviorism a. Behavioral psychologists study how a person’s behavior is a direct result of his or her environment, particularly the rewards and punishments that environment contains. i. Learning – the change of behavior as a function of experience ii. Four types of learning (not all pure behaviorism) 1. Habituation 2. Associative learning (AKA Classical conditioning) 3. Instrumental learning (AKA Operant conditioning) 4. Social Learning (AKA experiential and Vicarious learning) b. All theories of personality rely upon learning theory i. ii. Trait concepts & learning – iii. Gene expression and learning – c. Strengths of learning theory i. Simple, precise, few assumptions needed d. Weaknesses of learning theory i. Too simple, has many exceptions, requires the necessary assumption of introspection or memory/mind II. Behaviorism: Key Philosophical Ideas a. Empiricism – all knowledge comes from experience (versus rationalism – the structure of the mind determines our experience of reality). i.
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Exam 3 Notes Psych - E xam 3 Notes, starting here April 2,...

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