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Unformatted text preview: Buddhism Terms Sramana is a wandering monk in certain ascetic traditions of ancient India, including Jainism, Buddhism. A sramana is one who performs acts of mortification or austerity, though Buddhism is not characterized by these practices. According to typical sramana worldviews, a sramana is responsible for their own deeds. Salvation, therefore, may be achieved by anybody irrespective of caste, creed, color or culture (in contradistinction to certain historical caste-based traditions). The cycle of rebirth (samsara) to which every individual is subject is viewed as the cause and substratum of misery. The goal of every person is to evolve a way to escape from the cycle of rebirth, namely by discounting ritual as a means of emancipation and establishing from the misery of samara, through spiritual activities. Life of the Buddha Mother pierced by white elephant, baby has webbed feet, long earlobes, and corn-row hair as well as 32 marks of a Chakravrtan. Two possible lives king of kings or religious man. Parents create Lala-land so he becomes nothing but a king and he has everything he could possibly want inside the palace. Finally gets to go out and has 4 visions (old age, disease, death, Sramana). Follows sramanas waysneaks out of palace and sees clearly for first time. Finds yogic teacher and can see past and future and then leaves yoga and join ascetics. Realizes this does nothing except starve you and make you obsessed with renouncing that he renounces renouncing. Drinks rice water and attains enlightenment under Bodhi tree. First sermon is a failure because too complicated so comes up with 4 noble truths. Buddha dies of dysentery and has final words. Jatakas refer to a voluminous body of folklore-like literature native to India concerning the previous births (jti) of the Buddha. The word most specifically refers to a text division of the Pali Canon of Theravada Buddhism, included in the Khuddaka Nikaya of the Sutta Pitaka. Jataka also refers to the traditional commentary on this book. Lots of compassion and merit; stories about everyday people; trajectory is over lifetimes; karma carries over; says anyone can undertake this path that the Buddha took. 4 Noble Truths In broad terms, these truths relate to suffering's (or dukkha's) nature, origin, cessation and the path leading to the cessation. They are among the truths Gautama Buddha is said to have realized during his experience of enlightenment. 1. All is suffering 2. Suffering is Caused from attachment 3. suffering can be eliminated 4. follow eight-fold path to get rid of suffering Karma "act, action, performance"; Pali: kamma ) is the concept of "action" or "deed" in Indian religions understood as that which causes the entire cycle of cause and effect (i.e., the cycle called sa sra ) originating in ancient India and treated in Hindu, Jain, Sikh and Buddhist philosophies. In these systems, the effects of all deeds are viewed as actively shaping past, philosophies....
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