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120.TopiicOutline.9 - CSULB Instructor George M Scott...

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1 CSULB Instructor: George M. Scott ANTHROPOLOGY 120 INTRODUCTION TO CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY OUTLINE—TOPIC 9 KINSHIP AND DESCENT I. INTRODUCTION A. Cultural Rather Than Biological System e.g., Unilineal Descent Through Only Father Mother _____________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________. B. Basis for Social Organization—In Simple Societies (H-G's), the Sole Basis __________________ _________________________________________________________________________________. C. Diagramming Kinship ______________________________________________________________. 1. Symbols: Male = ▲ Female = ○ 2. Kin Term vs. Kin Type Terms (Emic) Types (Etic) “Uncle” FB, MB “Aunt” FZ, MZ “Grandparents” FF, FM; MF, MM “Cousins” FBS, FBD; FZS, FZD MBS, MBD; MZS, MZD 3. Criteria for Classifying Kin a. Ego________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________. b. Collateral (Both Sided) vs. Lineal Kin (One Sided, Either F or M)_______________________ ___________________________________________________________________________. c. Patrilateral vs. Matrilateral______________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________. d. Ascending vs. Descending Generations____________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________.
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2 e. Cross vs. Parallel Cousins (FZS, FZD, MBS, MBD vs. FBS, FBD, MZS, MZD)___________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________. f. Descriptive (Father, Mother, Sister, Son) vs. Classificatory (Aunt, Uncle, Grandfather, Cousin)_____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________. g. Consanguineal (By "Blood") vs. Affinal (By Marriage) Kin____________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________. II. DESCENT SYSTEMS A. Bilateral (Cognatic Kin; Cognates; Kindred) ___________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________.
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