100 LIBERALISM A

100 LIBERALISM A - LIBERALISM • Readings pp 252-70 •...

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Unformatted text preview: LIBERALISM • Readings: pp. 252-70 • What to know for the next exam: • Know what the basic beliefs of liberals/progressives are • Know what liberalism says about human nature, regulated capitalism, efficiency, and fairness • Know what liberals tend to believe about social change and foreign policy Some familiar liberals and progressives President Barack Obama Senator Hillary Clinton Senator Barbara Boxer Senator Ted Kennedy Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa Who tends to be liberals (progressives)? • Approximately 1/3 of Americans think of themselves as liberals or progressives • Urban Americans generally • Generally, the higher the educational level, the more liberal • Women more than men Which professionals tend to be liberals? • Workers in “care” professions: educators, nurses, social workers • Intellectual workers: journalists, teachers, professors, writers • Artists and musicians • Most government workers and professionals • Unionized workers “Ethnic liberals” • Members of most ethnic and racial minorities tend to be liberal, at least on economic issues – African Americans (80-90%) – American Latinos (except Cuban-Americans) – Most Asian Americans (except Vietnamese- Americans and Korean-Americans) – Many “ethnic liberals” take liberal positions on economic issues (family leave time, public education spending) and civil rights issues (affirmative action, workplace discrimination) but take “conservative” positions on “social issues” (abortion, same-sex marriage) “Social” vs. “economic” liberals/ progressives Social liberals • Stress on individual rights – Leads to a strong defense of the First Amendment (religious liberty, freedom of speech, the press, and assembly) and the Fourth Amendment (protections against government abuse of police powers) – This can make liberal positions unpopular when they are used to defend the rights of accused criminals, pornographers, unpopular religious or ideological minorities, etc.) – (more on this later in the course) Social liberals • Opposed to government enforcement of any group’s particular moral, religious, cultural beliefs Economic liberals • Concerned that the economic inequalities of wealth, income, opportunity that are part of free market capitalism can undermine the need for political equality in a democracy Economic liberals/progressives • Stress on equality understood as fairness and a level playing field • Leads to support for the weakest and least powerful members of society • Idea that government has an important role to play in preventing more powerful groups from exploiting or violating the rights of other groups – in majority-rule democracies, such victims tend to be members of minorities, or individuals with unpopular views – In capitalist/free enterprise societies, these tend to be wage workers and the poor • Support for women’s rights over “traditional family values” – Reproductive freedom, including abortion – Equal pay, workplace protections •...
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2010 for the course ANTH 7173 taught by Professor George during the Spring '10 term at CSU Long Beach.

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100 LIBERALISM A - LIBERALISM • Readings pp 252-70 •...

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