L22S10_ThermoFirstLaw+03-12-10

L22S10_ThermoFirstLaw+03-12-10 -...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: !"#$%&'(%)*"#+$,-./0$1234%51+36% 708) Real Gas Behavior ; HC Summary *2 E E &E E; ; F-#0G(%;EH2,/36 © A.Pines,M.Kubinec,UCB I#0G(%;E%H%J 7&BCD& © 2004 M. Kubinec 7DDC& LD M Phase Diagram Q0N,+1R061,/%2>+Q# S = Solid L= Liquid G= Gas S>31,/%2>+Q# K ; 3>?G1$061,/%2>+Q# 7 *+1NG#%;,1/6 **; H%O:O&%,! ;*; H%P:B%6,++ T *2 7DDCD *#$N#+06>+# © 2004 M. Kubinec ChemQuiz© 21.2 ; U"12"%NG,6%2,++#3N,/-3% 6,%6"#%N+,2#33%3",8/%J K 7 T ; ; ; With more pressure, the gas is more condensed, s o the volume is smaller above critical behavior, gas behaves like ideal gas C would be for a real gas *2 * A is "nonsense" :D 'W AW E E !W E 7DDCV © 2004 M. Kubinec 9%':;1/#34<:=>?1/#24@!A & !"#$%&'(%)*"#+$,-./0$1234%51+36% 708) First Law of Thermodynamics First 8(8,+\ Z C K.36#$ (you can’t win) (you X%H%Y%Z%8 Work for Gases ;#^6 H%5_' Summary 8%H%C 5% " H C ;#^6 "C V X%H%%%/I* D X^N0/31,/ V E !,/3#+Q061,/%,S%X X 13%0%3606#%S>/261,/ !,$N+#331,/ C Z Y("#06 X>/1Q H% X3.3 Z% X3>++ H%O 7DDCP EaM 8`M © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB E`M 8aM 7D]CB K>++,>/-1/[3 © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB I sothermal Isothermal Expansion/Compression Expansion/Compression ;#^6 H%5_' Adiabatic Adiabatic Expansion/Compression Expansion/Compression ;#^6 H%5_' !,/36%*%(%% X H "C L%H%O "C Y%H%O%(%% X H 8 Y%Z%8%H%O% Y%H%C 8 X^N0/31,/ 8C YZ !,$N+#331,/ 8Z YC 7DDC&D © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB X^N0/31,/ 8`M X%`%M !,$N+#331,/ 8aM X%a%M © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB 7DDCb 7DDC&P First Law of Thermodynamics 8(8,+\ C K.36#$ energy is not created nor lost release heat: q = negative c.,>%20/d6%81/W Z X%H%Y%Z%8 X 13%0%3606#%S>/261,/ !,/3#+Q061,/%,S%X !,/3#+Q061,/%,S%X system has fi xed energy release heat -> energy goes down put in heat: q = positive -> energy goes up C Z Y("#06 X>/1Q H% X3.3 Z% X3>++%H%O 7DDCB K>++,>/-1/[3 © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB Work and Energy for Gases ;#^6 H%5_' '% " 8%H%C 8%H%C 5% "%H C ;#^6 "Z E X%H%%%/I* D X^N0/31,/ V X^N0/31,/ E%a%M 8 %M EaM 8`M 7DDCe © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB 9%':;1/#34<:=>?1/#24@!A D !"#$%&'(%)*"#+$,-./0$1234%51+36% 708) gas compressed work done, Energy of system goes up Work for Gases ;#^6 H%5_' 8%H%C 8%H%C 5% "%H C ;#^6 "C E X%H%%%/I* D X^N0/31,/ !,$N+#331,/ V EaM 8`M © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB E`M 8aM 7DDCf Constant Volume / Pressure ;#^6 X H Y%Z%8 E,G>$# X/#+[.%X X/#+[.%X 8%H%O X H%YQ X% * ;+#33>+# X/6"0GN. L%H%X%Z%;E L H X%Z%; E L H Y%Z%8%C 8 Y%Z%8%C L H%YN L% * 7DDC] MN#/%6,%'6$,3N"#+# © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB Isothermal Isothermal Expansion/Compression Expansion/Compression ;#^6 H%5_' !,/36%*%(%% X H X^N0/31,/ E%a%M 8 %M L%H%O "Z Y%Z%8%H%O% HC8 X^N0/31,/ 8C YZ 7DDC&O © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB 9%':;1/#34<:=>?1/#24@!A V !"#$%&'(%)*"#+$,-./0$1234%51+36% 708) Isothermal Isothermal Expansion/Compression Expansion/Compression ;#^6 H%5_' !,/36%*%(%% X H "C L%H%O Y%Z%8%H%O% HC8 X^N0/31,/ 8C YZ !,$N+#331,/ 8Z YC 7DDC&& © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB ChemQuiz9 22.1 '/%1-#0G%[03%13% 13,6"#+$0GG. 2,$N+#33#-:% U"06%13%Y J%% "C 'W%` 'W%` O © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB AW%H O AW%H !W%a O !W%a 7DDC&D ChemQuiz9 22.2 '/%%1-#0G%[03%#^N0/-3% '/%%1-#0G%[03%#^N0/-3% 13,6"#+$0GG. 0[01/36% 0%Q02>>$:U"06%13%Y J ;#^6 H%O X^N0/31,/ E%a%M 8 %M "Z 'W%` 'W%` O © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB AW%H O AW%H !W%a O !W%a 7DDC&P 9%':;1/#34<:=>?1/#24@!A P !"#$%&'(%)*"#+$,-./0$1234%51+36% 708) Adiabatic Adiabatic Expansion/Compression Expansion/Compression ;#^6 H%5_' Y%H%O%(%% X H 8 X^N0/31,/ E%a%M 8 %M "Z X^N0/31,/ 8`M X%`%M 7DDC&B © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB Adiabatic Adiabatic Expansion/Compression Expansion/Compression ;#^6 H%5_' Y%H%O%(%% X H 8 "C X^N0/31,/ 8`M X%`%M © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB !,$N+#331,/ 8aM X%a%M 7DDC&e ChemQuiz9 22.3 '%[03%#^N0/-3% 0-10?06120GG. 0[01/36%0% 2,/360/6%N+#33>+#:% 2,/360/6%N+#33>+#:% U"06%"0NN#/3%6,%6"#% 6#$N#+06>+# ,S%6"#% [03%J%% 'W%F/2+#03#3 'W%F/2+#03#3 © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB AW%K0$# AW%K0$# !W%g#2+#03#3 !W%g#2+#03#3 7DDC&f 9%':;1/#34<:=>?1/#24@!A b !"#$%&'(%)*"#+$,-./0$1234%51+36% 708) ChemQuiz9 22.4 '%36+#62"#-%+>??#+% '%36+#62"#-%+>??#+% ?0/- 13%3>--#/G.% 13%3>--#/G.% +#G#03#-:%U"06%"0NN#/3% +#G#03#-:%U"06%"0NN#/3% 6,%6"#%6#$N#+06>+# ,S% 6"#%+>??#+%?0/-%J 'W%F/2+#03#3 'W%F/2+#03#3 © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB AW%K0$# AW%K0$# !W%g#2+#03#3 !W%g#2+#03#3 7DDCDO Lecture Complete © A.Pines, M.Kubinec,UCB 7DDCDD 9%':;1/#34<:=>?1/#24@!A B ...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online