Chapter 4 - CHAPTER 4 Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CHAPTER 4 Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud The Development of Psychoanalysis Important Theoretical Concepts View of Human Nature Personality Structure Stages of Development Levels of Consciousness Dreams and Other Reflections of the Unconscious Defense Mechanisms Treatment Using Psychoanalysis Goals of Psychoanalysis Therapeutic Alliance Transference and Counter transference Free Association Abreaction Interpretation and Analysis Application of Freudian Psychoanalysis Application to Diagnostic Groups Application to Women Application to Multicultural Groups Application to Other Groups Current Use Evaluation of Freudian Psychoanalysis Limitations Strengths and Contributions Skill Development: The Lifeline Instructions for Creating a Lifeline Case Illustration Exercises Large-Group Exercises Small-Group Exercises Individual Exercises Summary Recommended Readings Additional Sources of Information In 1993, Time Magazine asked, “Is Freud dead?” The question of whether psychoanalysis, reflecting the ideas of Sigmund Freud, is obsolete has often been explored. However, even the frequent revisiting of this question testifies to the strength and influence of Freud’s ideas. In 1998–1999, for example, the Library of Congress in Washington, DC, hosted a large exhibit titled Sigmund Freud: Conflict and Culture . Prochaska and Norcross ( 2003 ) reported that, among American psychotherapists, 18 percent of clinical psychologists, 15 percent of counseling psychologists, 35 percent of psychiatrists, 33 percent of social workers, and 11 percent of counselors viewed their primary theoretical orientation as psychoanalytic or psychodynamic. Freud established the foundation for today’s counseling and psychotherapy; he succeeded in bringing our knowledge of personality, human development, and psychological symptoms into the modern age. Many of Freud’s concepts, including the unconscious, defense mechanisms, and the ego, have become so widely accepted that we sometimes forget they began with Freud. Freud’s efforts required great courage; he disagreed radically with the thinking of his peers, withstood years of verbal and written attacks, and worked prodigiously to advance his ideas. Because of Freud’s contributions, efforts to advance people’s psychological growth and reduce emotional difficulties are
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
much more successful. SIGMUND FREUD Sigmund Freud was born in Freiberg, Moravia, on May 6, 1856. His father was 40 years old, a widower with two sons, when he married his second wife, who was only 19 at the time. Freud was the couple’s first child, born two years after his parents’ marriage. As the firstborn and reportedly his mother’s favorite (Jones, 1953 ), Freud had a special place in his family, although his mother gave birth to 7 more children in the next 10 years. His father, a busy merchant with a commanding but gentle disposition, seems to have been a role model for his son. When Freud was 19 months old, his 8-month-
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/25/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY PSY400 taught by Professor Rosaliewood during the Spring '10 term at Argosy University.

Page1 / 23

Chapter 4 - CHAPTER 4 Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online