Chapter 23 - Chapter 23 MULTIMODAL THERAPY An example of...

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Chapter 23 MULTIMODAL THERAPY An example of technical eclecticism, multimodal therapy was developed primarily by Arnold Lazarus. He provided the groundwork for this approach in Multimodal Behavior Therapy ( 1976 ) and The Practice of Multimodal Therapy ( 1981 ) and continues to develop this treatment system. Arnold Lazarus Arnold Lazarus was born in Johannesburg, South Africa in 1932, the youngest of four children. He received a Ph.D. in clinical psychology in 1960 from the University of the Witwaterstrand in Johannesburg. At the invitation of Albert Bandura, a well-known social learning theorist, Lazarus, accompanied by his wife and two children, joined the faculty at Stanford University in 1963. He also studied with Joseph Wolpe, another pioneer in behavior therapy. (The contributions of Wolpe and Bandura are discussed in chapter 19 .) Although Lazarus’s early work reflected his training in behavior therapy, he soon recognized the limitations of that approach and began to incorporate cognitive and other strategies into his work. Suggesting that clinicians take a broad view of people and ways to help, Lazarus advocates technical eclecticism which draws on many theories and strategies to match treatment to client and problem. Lazarus’s contribution to eclectic therapy is only one of many ways in which he has broken new ground. He recently challenged traditional client-clinician boundaries by suggesting that clinicians can be more helpful to some clients if they modify those boundaries, perhaps by playing tennis or having lunch with clients. A former boxer, Lazarus’s feisty spirit and outspoken behavior are reflected in his innovative ideas. Lazarus served on the faculties of Stanford University, Temple University Medical School, and Yale University and now is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus at Rutgers University (Lazarus, 1997 ). He has written more than 200 articles and 16 books, most on multimodal therapy. Lazarus has received many awards, including the Distinguished Psychologist Award from the American Psychological Association. He is widely recognized as the leading proponent of technical eclecticism. Theory and Practice of Multimodal Therapy According to Lazarus ( 1985 ), “Human disquietude is multileveled and multilayered…. few, if any, problems have a single cause or unitary ‘cure’” (p. 2). Consequently, treatment needs to be flexible and versatile, drawing on a variety of approaches. For Lazarus, technical eclecticism is the ideal way to plan such a treatment. In describing technical eclecticism, Lazarus and Beutler ( 1993 ) wrote, “Technical eclectics select procedures from different sources without necessarily subscribing to the theories that spawned them; they work within a preferred theory but recognize that few techniques are inevitably wedded to any theory. Hence, they borrow techniques from other orientations based on the proven worth of these procedures” (p. 384). The ability to address client concerns from multiple vantage points
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY PSY400 taught by Professor Rosaliewood during the Spring '10 term at Argosy University.

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Chapter 23 - Chapter 23 MULTIMODAL THERAPY An example of...

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