Leader_as_Change_Agent_II

Leader_as_Change_Agent_II - Leader as Change Agent II...

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Unformatted text preview: Leader as Change Agent II Forces for Change • • • • • Workforce Technology Competition Social Trends Political Trends Types of Organization Change Incremental Reactive Adaptation Revolutionary Re­creation Anticipatory Fine Tuning Transformation Video “On the Road Again: Harley Davidson” Sources of Individual Resistance to Change • • • • • Habit Security Economic Factors Fear of Unknown Selective Information Processing Sources of Organizational Resistance to Change • • • • Structural Inertia Limited Focus of Change Group Inertia Threats to Expertise, Power Relationships & Resource Allocations Overcoming Resistance to Change • • • • • • Education & Communication Participation Facilitation & Support Negotiation Manipulation & Cooptation Coercion Lewin’s Three­Step Change Model Restraining Forces (Resistance) Restraining Forces Unfreezing Status Quo Movement to New State Refreezing Changes Driving Forces Driving Forces (Forces for Change) Organization Development (OD) • Goals – Improve organization effectiveness – Improve organization’s capacity to solve own problems and change itself – Respect for people – Trust & support – Power sharing & participation – Openness to information • Values OD Interventions • Human Process Interventions • Technostructural Interventions – Team building – Conflict resolution – Job enrichment & self­managing teams – Employee empowerment – Organization design OD Interventions (cont.) • Human Resource Management Interventions – Gainsharing & skill­based pay – Career development – Organization transformation – Strategic alliances • Strategic Interventions OD Application Issues • • • • Differences in Organization Culture Differences in National Cultures Politics of Change Ethics of Control Video “Are they playing with your mind?” ...
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Leader_as_Change_Agent_II - Leader as Change Agent II...

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