paper week 1 - 1.Discuss the science of psychology:...

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1.Discuss the science of psychology: 2.Explain the scientific method: The scientific method begins with the collection of data by observation and experimentation. By observing we watch carefully and record what we see. The method of experimentation is the backbone of the scientific method. By creating an artificial situation in which the factor can be isolated and observed we need to enable the observation to be repeatable. By isolating the variable we will ensure that false conclusions will be avoided. Take for an example putting butter on your toast after the jam. While you are eating it, you realize that is delicious. So what is the reason for this sensation? Most likely the butter above the jam. Obviously until somebody asks you "How do you know it was the butter over the jam, and not the jam under the butter ?" Control is a vital part of the scientific methodology. It is important because it helps the researchers to recognize and justify their observations. The described experiment with the butter and jam is a controlled experiment. All the factors which affected the outcome have been isolated, studied and evaluated separately. The toast without the butter and jam in this experiment is described as the control, in all research you need controls to check your theory and outcomes. Only one thing should be studied at a time and until it is completed, all remaining factors need to be held constant. Another step in this process is the systematization of data. The main goal of science is unification, so we should prove that two unrelated facts are in reality inter connected. By performing the systematization of data we are arranging all the information in a clear and coherent form. Avoiding bias and misinformation to increase the validity and reliability of our research. 3.Distinguish between qualitative and quantitative data.: Research is essentially a way of thinking and a way of looking at the world. There is no particular reason why this method should be the prerogative of scientists, but the fact is that most people do Paul Leedy (1974) describes the research process in a series of steps which; taken together, comprise the particular approach to the discovery of the truth, which is called research. Leedy steps are represented in the diagram below: not organize their thought processes in a way most likely to lead to results.
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The scientific method or research method is a series of logical and orderly steps that lead to new knowledge and new concepts. The steps are really a system of common sense. You can't solve a problem unless you see that one exists. Science calls for the kind of mind that recognizes problems and asks questions. For example, how does a root absorb water from the soil? Why does a plant stem bend toward the light? What controls your heart beat? Well-planned experiments can answer each of these questions. But in science, every answer raises new questions. Successful research leads to new research and new
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2010 for the course PSYCH PSYCH 540 taught by Professor Serap during the Spring '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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paper week 1 - 1.Discuss the science of psychology:...

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