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Coronary Heart Disease-final paper

Coronary Heart Disease-final paper - :Causes,...

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                                                  Coronary Artery Disease: Causes, treatment and prevention                                                                                                                                    Human Anatomy and physiology II                                                            Dr Gerard Burkett                                                                                                              1
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                                                                                                              3/23/20 09                                                                                Abstract Although the heart has the size of a fist, it is the strongest muscle in the human body. Coronary artery disease affects the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle and it is the most common heart disease. CAD is a silent killer: it can develop over time but stay unnoticed until it is too late. This disease may be one of the most easily preventable diseases (Cowley, 2008); however, it kills millions and millions of people around the world due to low awareness. Often, we don`t go to the doctor until symptoms are obvious. A simple chest pain can be misinterpreted as a lung condition by the patient, yet it is the first sign of coronary artery disease. The later condition can even develop without any visible signs. The more the patient waits, the more damage is caused to the heart which is irreversible in some cases. In this paper, I also address the misconception that CAD is a ‘’male’’ disease. Although it affects men in majority, the risk for women increases as they get older. Coronary heart disease caused 445,687 deaths in 2005 -an average of 1220 deaths per day-and is the single leading cause of death in America today (American Heart Association, 2006). Thus, it should receive at least as much attention as cancer or HIV / AIDS. 2
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Coronary artery disease is also called coronary heart disease or arteriosclerotic heart disease. It is a one of the leading cause of death nowadays. CAD is the most common form of cardiovascular disease with an estimated prevalence of CAD in men is 6.9% and 6% among women (American Heart Association 2006).
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