Watts_lecture1 - ANT 100Y. Lecture 1 ( 2009.09.17)...

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ANT 100Y. Lecture 1 ( 2009.09.17) 997299285 Yunjeong Lee 1. Archaeological Record - The matrices in which artifacts, ecofacts, sites, and other human – manufactured features or results of past human action are found. - The stuff & the place where it is found 2. Three typical elements of archaeological research ( 3 stages in the investigating processes ) (1) Observed material culture (2) Unobserved human/ nonhuman activity -things that transpired in the past, so we can’t directly observe the activities (3) Interpretation of human activity 3. Material Evidence (1) Physical i) Artifacts : any portable object whose form has been shaped by way of human activity or past human action -ex) pottery, arrowheads ii) Features : non-portable material evidence of human activity -ex) hearths, storage pits, postholes, pyramids iii) Ecofacts Non-artifactual material evidence of human activity Ex) carbonized corn kernels that were harvested and stored by ppl microfossils - Macrofossils : visible to naked eye. Can be retrieved through flotation or normal excavation procedures - Microfossils : visible only under high-power magnification, 200x. Can be retrieved through flotation only. Ex. Pollen, phytoliths
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2010 for the course ANT ANT100Y1 taught by Professor Lehmn during the Spring '06 term at University of Toronto.

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Watts_lecture1 - ANT 100Y. Lecture 1 ( 2009.09.17)...

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