Watts_lecture2 - ANT100 09.09.24 Lecture II Analysis...

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ANT100 09.09.24 Lecture II. Analysis & Interpretation 1) Material Analysis (1) Data Processing - Clean - Conservation : may or may not be necessary ; depends on the artifact class - Cataloguing (2) Data Organization Involves classification - Process by which we assign items to categories (classes) in a pre-arranged system - Rules determine whether an item belongs / does not belong to a class One popular method of classification & analysis in material culture is through the use of a typology - ** typology : classification of artifact ‘states’ based on some criteria Question: Were the artifact types we recognize today also recognized by their manufacturers? In other words, are they emic or etic in nature? - Emic : ‘insider’s view’ of culture : the type was recognized by its manufacturer as meaningful - Etic : ‘outsider’s view’ of culture; the type is only meaningful to the analyst Typically, we distinguish between : - Artifacts, which include items made from stone (lithics), clay (ceramics), metal, bone(faunal), plants(ex. baskets, wooden
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