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Unformatted text preview: ANT100 Oct.8 th Lecture IV. New Ideas, New Worlds- Cro-magnon art - Colonization ( Australia, Americas ) - Origins and consequence of food production 1. Cro-Magnon Art ( upper Paleolithic ) (1) Distribution : North Africa to Siberia- Major concentrations in SW France, Northern Spain, central/ eastern Europe (2) Types - Parietal (cave), open air (petroglyphs), mobiliary (portable) Parietal art-most familiar-engraved & painted animals ( bison, horse, wild boar, ibex..)-humans, hands, and geometric shapes-ochre, hematite, charcoal used as pigments-most famous site : Lascaux (SW France, Dordogne)-horses, bulls, and ibex most common depictions-interpretations vary by times & paradigms _Henri Breuil : hunting magic _David Lewis Williams : work of shamans _Chantal Jeques-Wolkiewiez : abstract images as star charts Petroglyph ( open-air engraving ) -Coa valley archaeological park-UNESCO world heritage site in NE Portugal-thousands of open-air engravings of horses, ibex, human, and abstract figures Mobiliary ( portable) -many different media e.g. clay, wood, bone, antler-engraved antler, bone, ivory -objects often intricately carved-Venus figurines widespread & enigmatic : fertility cult?...
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- Spring '06