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Watts_lecture5 - A NT 100Y Oct 15th Lecture V The Present...

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ANT 100Y Oct. 15 th Lecture V. The Present and Future Past 1. Origins and Consequences of Food Production ( continued..) 1) Early Food Production - With food production comes a transition to the Neolithic Period ca. 8000-5000 BC in much of Eurasia & Africa - First seen among settlements in the ‘Fertile Crescent’ ( Levant, SE Turkey, Iraq, SW Iran : Nile~ Persian Gulf) - Primary origins : SW Asia, South.North China , Africa, Mesoamerica, N,S America Closely related to ancient high civilizations - ( Europe, Australia : secondary center ) 2) Complex Society? Common themes (1) Indicators - A “complex of cultural phenomena” ( Flannery 1972) - Ex. Writing, metallurgy - Predictive sciences, large population aggregates (concentration) & urbanization - Social stratification, occupational specialization - Monumental architecture & public works ** Importantly, not all of these indicators are present in all ancient civilizations _ e.g. no writing in ancient South America (Peru) – quipo _e.g. little evidence for ostentatious display of power in Harappan ( Indus valley) civilization
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