ANT100Y1 Section 3 Chapter 2 - ,,or...

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ANT100Y1 Section 3 Chapter 2 The emphasis has been on langue, or  linguistic competence  rather than parole, or  speaking in meaning ful or purposeful way Research of  parole, or Speech  , since early 1970s have shown that language is a  highly adaptive and context-sensitive  communicative instrument In a phrase, the internal structures of language are pliable entities that are responsive to  verbal interaction Dialogue The most effective way of understanding how verbal parole works and how it differs from  langue is to look at the role of dialogue in human social life.  Bahktin (Linguist) saw  dialogue as the primary means through which people communicate meaningfully with  each other The Bahktinian concept  of dialogue provides linguistics with a template for  documenting and assessing how language is used for various social functions Didactic and philosophical functions Dialogue or purposeful conversation between people is used as a “knowledge-gaining  strategy”; means for achieving self-knowledge Socrates believed in the superiority of oral dialogue argumentation over writing, so as to  engage in dialogue with anyone who would be interested in doing so Internal dialogue  surfaces in early life as a means for the child to come to grips with  reality-making nature of language and its various socializing functions Plato who introduced the use of the dialogue into philosophical inquiry; all of his writing  were in dialogical form Medieval universities were under the guise of “debated question”, a practice where two  scholars took opposed rules and discussed the solution to a problem of philosophy,  medicine or science Philosophical use of dialogue is present in many different traditions Social and interactional function What stands out from Bahktan’s writings is the view that dialogue legitimizes the  importance and social value of “interlocutors” revealing the relations that hold among  them The needs, desires, and social agendas of the interlocutors in a dialogical interaction 
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2010 for the course ANTHROPOLO ANT100Y taught by Professor Watts,lehman,danesi,barker during the Spring '10 term at University of Toronto.

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ANT100Y1 Section 3 Chapter 2 - ,,or...

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