ANT100Y_compilation - Anthropology100 Section 1:...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Anthropology100 Section 1: Archaeology With Professor Watts September 17 th , 2009 Archaeological Data and Dating Archaeological Record The matrices in which artifacts, ecofacts, sites and other human- manufactured features or results of past human actions are found. Three typical elements of Archaeological Research Observed material culture Unobserved human and non-human activity: Cannot be directly observed, material sources and must be inferred. Interpretation of Human Activity: We dont try to explain, but interpret. Material Evidence Physical: Material dimension. Can be held and observed Artifacts: Any Portable object whose form has been shaped( manufactured, modified) by way of human activity. Ex. Hand Axe, Ceramic Vessel, Funerary Mask Ecofacts: Non-artificial material evidence of human activity. Can be further subdivided into; Macrofossils: Visible to the naked eye, typically plant materials. Can be retrieved through flotation or normal excavation processes. Ex. Corn in harvested and processed the carbonized. MicroFossils: Visible only under high-power magnification, 200x or greater. E.g pollen, phytoliths; can be retrieved through flotation only. Ex. Perhaps adhered to pots or stone tools etc. Features: Non-Portable material evidence of human activity (ex. Hearths, Storage pits, postholes. ) Ex. Pyramids Spatial: N o physical quality. Activity Areas Sites Regions Archaeological Site Can be defined in a number of ways Usually consists if a collection of activity areas containing any of the following Artifacts Ecofacts Features Spatially defined areas where one can find remnants of past human activity. Can be collected into one group or in several groups Provenience (Provenance) Physical location in three dimensional space Site Level: Employ a Grid System for the actual site Regional Level: Map co-ordinates and settlement features (e.g. Roads, Towns) Site formation Processes Affected by: Nature of the Artifacts: What were they used for? what were they made of? Human Agencies: Where were they used? Actions of the humans. Actions that led to the creation of the artifacts. Natural Agencies: Natural disturbances that can aid preservation or ruin it. ex. Soil composition, environments, temperature, disturbance by animals (taphonomic processes) Finding Archaeological Sites Field Methods Surface Techniques Field Walking: used to survey ploughed areas (very efficient)(common) Can cover a huge amount of ground in a relatively short time.cover a huge amount of ground in a relatively short time....
View Full Document

Page1 / 78

ANT100Y_compilation - Anthropology100 Section 1:...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online