Punishment Research Paper

Punishment Research Paper - Punishment as a component of...

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Punishment Research Paper 1 Punishment Research Paper Introduction to Sociology SOC/120
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Punishment Research Paper 2 Introduction Punishment as a component of the law is not something new. Punishment is known to exist and has been practiced since the early history of human existence, and is expressed in different forms and severity. Punishment may be a temporary form such as imprisonment or imposing some sorts of fine. Punishment can be a lifelong punishment, such as life imprisonment. At the worst, punishment can be up to the extent of permanently removing the criminal from the society through death punishment. Punishment is believed to reduce crime, which has been a long existing unresolved problem of the society. The question in this subject is if punishment is truly doing well and has provided benefits to the criminals and the society as a whole. Four Types of Punishment Punishments practical application, and justification over the last half-century has deviated from the effort to rehabilitate and reform offenders. There are four types of punishment that is used in society today, which are retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and societal protection. Retribution is designed to satisfy societies need for closure to satisfy the morals of the society. Punishment, in principal, should be as sever as the crime itself. Deterrence, on the other hand, is an attempt to discourage crime by punishment. This deterrence is made possible by stating what punishments will be used, before crimes are committed. Later punishments created rehabilitation, which tailors treatment to each offender. In general, punishment is known as a practice, which is retributive. These four types of punishment are used by our society in an attempt to lower the rate of crime. Any of these punishments sound effective in its purposes, but how well any of these have been effective is still a question. Looking back at the American history, there was no time that prohibited punishment to
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Punishment Research Paper 3 the criminals. Early punishments were seen as more brutal than the current punishments. Just like any other countries, America has applied "a life for a life" and “tooth for a tooth" concept which is as old as civilization itself (McCiellan, 1970). During the revolutionary period, America practiced hot tar application and skin feathering, which was considered a barbaric punishment, yet suggested to be effective (U-S-History, n.d.). Many kinds of punishments are re-enforced. These include slavery, imprisonment, and the most controversial capital punishment, which
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Punishment Research Paper - Punishment as a component of...

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