Future of Modernization Paper

Future of Modernization Paper - Change occurs everywhere...

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Future of Modernization 1 Future of Modernization Introduction to Sociology SOC/120
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Future of Modernization 2 Introduction Change occurs everywhere and within every society and period. Modernization is just one piece of the total tally of social change that has happened and is currently occurring. Modernization refers to the changes of social patterns since the time of the Industrial Revolution (Macionis, 2006). Several sociologists have tried to explain modernization and each have his or her own theories. Such sociologists are Ferdinand Tonnies, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Peter Berger, and Karl Marx. This paper will explain if modernization is likely to continue in the US, is modernization a worldwide trend, the consequences of modernization, and the theories that best reflect the author of the papers perception of modernization. Modernization Modernization is the process in which social and economic change is obtained through industrial revolution, urbanization and other social changes that alters the lives of people. Modernization promotes individualism over the unity of traditional communities and encourages rationality over traditional philosophies. Modernization can have both positive and negative effects on society and can often bring about controversy (Macionis, 2006). To gain a better understanding of modernization it can be helpful to note the explanation of Peter Berger of the four major characteristics of modernization. These include the decline of small, traditional communities, the expansion of personal choice, increasing social diversity, and orientation toward the future and a growing awareness of time. People who do not know the history of America and the growth and declining of various cities could easily overlook the first characteristic Berger states. The first characteristic would have to be looked on for a period to prove the substance of the statement. The second statement Berger makes about the expansion of personal choice is easily seen in most developed and developing nations. People now in modern
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Future of Modernization 3 societies according to Berger have access to different lifestyles, goods, and beliefs that are not available to cultures that are indigenous in nature and do not have the luxuries of internet, computers, and libraries. The third characteristic Berger points out is social diversity, and this can be seen easily in America where there is a melting pot of culture and the amount of diversity
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Future of Modernization Paper - Change occurs everywhere...

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