1._JFK - John F Kennedy A Election of 1960 One of the...

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3/19/09 1 John F. Kennedy A. Election of 1960 • One of the closest elections in US History Democrats • John F. Kennedy & VP Nominee • Lyndon B. Johnson Republicans • Richard Nixon & VP Nominee • Spiro Agnew Kennedy • Catholic • Father was a political liability • Tough on communism • Supporter of Civil Rights • Congressman from Ma. • 43 years old • Wife Jackie & big family
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3/19/09 2 Nixon • Vice-President • Tough of communism too • Sluggish economy under IKE will hurt Nixon in the election • Said to be a supporter of Civil Rights, but not as committed as JFK TV debates • September 26, 1960 • 70 million tuned in • Kennedy looked tanned, relaxed, trim and at ease • Nixon looked ill at ease, and was sweating • Nixon’s 8 years of experience vanished in one TV debate… JFK looked and sounded more the part of a President • Kennedy wins this very close race by only 120,000 votes out of more than 34 million cast • 303 electoral votes to 219 • JFK won by only 1/10 of 1% • The swing states that won it for him were TX & IL • On inauguration day, January 20, 1961 JFK gave a great speech where he asks… – “Ask not what your country can do for you, Ask what you can do for your country.”
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3/19/09 3 • For the years to come, Americans were enamored with the Kennedy family…
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3/19/09 4 Domestic Affairs • “The nation is poised at the edge of a New Frontier” – The speech given by JFK is where the name came from for his domestic agenda… • To improve the economy • Give aid to the poor • Breathe new life into the space program 1. The New Frontier a. Economy Struggling still in the early 1960’s (Recession of 1962) JFK supported Keynes’ deficit spending…. Lower taxes & Increase public spending Hopefully Americans would also spend more money stimulating the economy Minimum wage increased to $1.25 b. Poverty and Inequality • JFK was eager to combat both • Aid to the poor was necessary • This was mirrored in Michael Harrington’s The Other America – In the book, Harrington showcased how 1/5 of the nation was living in poverty • To help the poor, JFK passed – minimum wage increases – Housing Act of 1961 • Providing $4.9 billion for urban renewal – 24th Amendment • Ending poll taxes to vote to help the poor blacks in the South c. Space • JFK wants to put a man on the moon • The Space Race is on! • In the Mercury Program , 7 test pilots will train as astronauts
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3/19/09 5 • The Russians beat us when then put Yuri A. Gagarin into space • He circled the earth in 98 minutes • We’re falling behind • Fearing we were falling even more behind, the gov’t spends 9 million over the next 5 years. • Building our Space
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1._JFK - John F Kennedy A Election of 1960 One of the...

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