2._LBJ.domestic - Lyndon B Johnson A VP to President...

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3/19/09 1 Lyndon B. Johnson A. VP to President & Election of 1964 90 minutes after JFK’s death aboard Air Force One, LBJ was sworn in Election of 1964 LBJ (Democrat) v. Barry Goldwater (Republican) Goldwater’s strict conservative viewpoints scared many Americans – He was against Civil Rights – He believed military commanders should have the power to use Nuclear Bombs as they saw fit in the battlefield This helped LBJ win by a landslide
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3/19/09 2 B. Domestic Affairs Congress would approve a lot of LBJ’s legislative agenda in the years to come because – LBJ used the memory of JFK to his advantage (his martyrdom… “we must honor the actions of JFK, he would have wanted us to…” – Johnson was an excellent negotiator and knew a lot of the leaders in the Congress from his days there – The Mid-1960’s faced prosperity and a general feeling of well being about domestic conditions in America 1. JFK’s Civil Rights Act of 1964 LBJ used his skills in the Congress, but specifically in the Senate with Senate leader Everett Dirksen, to get the Civil Rights Act voted on and passed. – Cloture was called in the Senate to stop the Filibuster by Southern Senators The Civil Rights Act outlawed discrimination on the basis of race in public accommodations and in employment LBJ signs the bill into law 2. JFK’s Tax Cut Bill of 1964 LBJ promised to cut gov’t spending, the Congress approved a tax cut. – The GNP rose 7.1% in 1964 – 8.1% in 1965 – 9.5% in 1966 – The deficit shrank – Revival of prosperity generated new tax revenues – Unemployment fell and inflation remained in check
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3/19/09 3 3. Great Society Legislation 1964-1966 By 1964, LBJ began to use the phrase Great Society to describe his goals… it marked the realization of the reform agenda of the New Frontier of JFK It was to break the cycle of poverty among poor people through education and job training… LBJ gives his Great Society speech a. War on Poverty 1. Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 LBJ vowed to “declare unconditional war on poverty in America” The Gov’t should enhance equal opportunity for poor people through federal assistance programs – Combat causes of poverty: illiteracy, unemployment & inadequate public services – About $950 million set aside to fund 10 separate programs a. Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA) VISTA sent volunteers to help people in poor communities and set up community action programs to give the poor a voice in defining local housing, health, and education policies in their own neighborhoods b. Job Corps The Job Corps was established to help poor people get better paying jobs if you provide vocational training. – This ultimately was seen as a failure
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3/19/09 4 b. Education 1. Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 – Provided aid to states based on the number of children from low-income homes – Money would be distributed to public and private schools Project Head Start – Prepared economically disadvantaged preschoolers for school
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