3._LBJ_Foreign

3._LBJ_Foreign - 3/19/09 1. Dominican Republic (Santo...

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3/19/09 1 LBJ - Foreign Affairs 1. Dominican Republic (Santo Domingo) • 1965, Dominican Republic attacked by rebels • Fearing communist uprisings and Americans being put in danger, LBJ ordered 22,000 Marines to the Dominican Republic to restore order • Within a few months, a provisional gov’t backed by the US was put in power • Democratic elections took place the next year 2. Six-Day War in Israel 1968 • Israel stuns the world by attacking and defeating Egypt • They gain: – Sinai Peninsula – Golan Heights – Gaza Strip – West Bank of the Jordan River 3. The Vietnam War • Our involvement in the Vietnam War grew out of our policy of containment and our assumptions since WWII
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3/19/09 2 Early Origins • 1800’s France took over the region establishing colonial power in Indochina • After WWII, Ho Chi Minh (communist sympathizer) led the Vietnamese independence movement against the French • We watched closely for fear of communism spreading into SE Asia Geneva Conference • 1954 Geneva - Switzerland • Attendees: Ho Chi Minh, Bao Dai (Vietnamese emperor), Cambodia, Laos, France, US, USSR, China & Britain • The discussion was Indochina • The French had been defeated in Indochina at the battle of Dien Bien Phu in May • The conference tried to decide the Indochina issue • The results of the conference: – Vietnam was divided at the 17th parallel • Ho Chi Minh will control the North • Ngo Dinh Diem will control the South – Cambodia & Laos independent *** Bao Dai was overthrown by Ngo Dinh Diem… – Diem had been in exile in the US – We supported his coming to power in South Vietnam – Diem would go on to ignore the Geneva accords for a national Vietnamese election in 1956 (fearing a Ho win) beginning the massive divide between the North and South with the US caught in the middle supporting Diem who was very unpopular in Vietnam • In Vietnam different political allies develop in the mid 1950’s – Vietminh • Those Vietnamese in the North who supported Ho Chi Minh – Vietcong (VC) • Those Vietnamese in the South who supported Ho Chi Minh *** Both are communist organizations
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3/19/09 3 Kennedy’s Vietnam Policy • Eisenhower had first supported Diem with 675 military advisors into South Vietnam to assist in the struggle against the North • JFK – 1960-1963 - sent in 16,000 additional American troops. He was completely committed to containment at all costs • JFK sent money and aid that was intended for economic reforms 1. Diem lacked support • Quickly we realized that Diem was corrupt – The money that was sent for economic reform went to the military and into the pockets of corrupt officials – He also forced peasants to leave ancestral lands to gov’t run farming communities – Lastly he forced Buddhists to obey Catholic religious laws since he was Catholic • Buddhist monks and nuns were imprisoned and Diem started to destroy Buddhist temples • 1963, a Buddhist monk burned himself alive in
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2010 for the course HIST 2882 taught by Professor Stark during the Spring '10 term at Oregon Tech.

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3._LBJ_Foreign - 3/19/09 1. Dominican Republic (Santo...

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